Policy Change

Question  Consider one or more major policy challenges, such as reforming health care, reforming the major federal entitlement programs (Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid), redesigning the tax code, or developing a national energy or climate change policy. What do you think are the major advantages or disadvantages of incremental policy change? Similarly, what do you think are the major advantages or disadvantages or perusing policy change the is more far-reaching or radical, whether the ideas are endorsed by the right or left side of the political spectrum? Answer Policy Change Policy change is the process of modifying the goals of a particular policy and the means of achieving the goals. In changing a policy, the administrators evaluate a number of options, including whether to use a different approach altogether or whether to increase the scope of the current policy approach. Policymaking is a complex process. Similarly, there are various complexities involved in policy change. A common approach in policy change is incremental policy change. Incremental...
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Political science homework help
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Education Policy Reflection Paper

Education Policy Reflection Education policy aims at improving the quality of education in various institutions. Over the course of America’s education history, the government has enacted various policies to improve the quality of education. The government has also increased its role in ensuring access and equity to education among all citizens. Access and equity aim at ensuring that those who are disadvantage get equal access to education. The first part of this paper examines the policies that the Federal Government has enacted over time to address quality concerns in the K-12 education system. The second part examines the Engel v. Vitale 370 U.S. 421 case law and its overall impact. Question 1 The Federal Government has enacted a number of policies to address quality concerns in the K-12 education system. One of the earliest policies is the enactment of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965. The major purpose of this law was to enhance equal access to education...
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Political science homework help
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The Americans with Disability Act of 1990

The Americans with Disability Act of 1990 The rule of law of the country states that all people are equal before the law of the country. This is the main drive that led to the passing of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. ADA is often considered the first far reaching social liberties law that prioritizes the necessities of the general population with inabilities, precluding any type of segregation, especially in business, open administrations, open convenience and telecommunication. Research shows that the ADA has the most far-reaching influence on the United States workplace since the civil rights act of 1964. Unfortunately, many American citizens remain uncertain about their rights and responsibilities owing to the terms used in the act such as reasonable accommodation (Recupero & Harms, 2013). As a result, most of the Americans are not sure how they should interact effectively and legally with people with disabilities. The primary objective of the act of the act is to...
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Political science homework help
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Evaluative Criteria in Policy Making

Evaluative Criteria in Policy Making Policymaking is a complex process. Various alternatives confront policymakers during the policymaking process. The evaluation criteria ordinarily depend on the combination of various values and facts available for a specific policy. The policymakers may look at the qualities or principles that the community holds as intrinsically valuable while making policy decisions. For instance, policymakers may settle on a particular policy based on its fairness to all individuals. The evaluation criteria outline the specific values that a particular policy should fulfill. Policymakers may rely on single evaluative criteria or opt for more than one depending on the circumstances. This paper examines the applicability of different evaluative criteria including economic costs, efficiency, policy effectiveness, and equity. As earlier mentioned, policymakers may opt for a particular evaluative criteria depending on the context or circumstances surrounding the policy decision. As such, there is no ‘standard’ evaluation criterion to apply across all situations. Policymakers use a number of evaluative criteria to make...
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Human trafficking & American and global slavery

Human trafficking & American and global slavery Society keeps on battling with a plenty of ills, for example, neediness, hunger, a delicate environment, across the board segregation, and war. Regardless of whether in government, groups or homes, fundamental human rights are time after time denied by those in charge. The rundown of these human rights infringements is long. However, a standout amongst the immense violations has as of late recovered the consideration of human rights movements is the purchasing and offering of individuals for the benefit, also called human trafficking. Trafficking is comprehended to include an assortment of wrongdoings and misuse related with the enrollment, movement, and sale of individuals into a scope of exploitative conditions far and wide. Human trafficking comes in many structures that incorporate constrained work, sex trafficking, fortified work, transient specialists' obligation servitude, and constrained child labor (Kurtis, et al. 95). Constrained labor is otherwise called automatic subjugation and increasing popular as youths, and other unemployed individuals...
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English homework help
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Public Policy

Public Policy Question 1 The policy commitments do make the quality of the analysis suspect. The quality of the policy making process vary remarkably. In one instance, the quality may be high while in another, the policy developers can overlook fundamental issues or processes. It is worth noting that analysis occurs in think tanks and interest groups pushing for the specific policy issues. The interest groups and think tanks may fail to conduct a thorough analysis of the issues in the proposed policies. Another critical issue to note is that the purpose and objectivity of policy development could be different from what people expect (Kraft & Furlong, 2015). It is not entirely impossible for the interest groups and think tanks to push or lobby for a particular public policy that promotes their interests or that of particular groups. It is important to be aware that during policy analysis and development, there could be certain inherent issues that are overlooked. For instance, the interest...
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Reflection Paper- The growth of US Government

Reflection Paper The concepts learnt from this week’s materials 1. The growth of US Government I have learned that the US government has grown to the level where it can influence the lives of all people. The government can enact laws and regulations that directly impacts on the lives of the citizens. Despite the growth in the government, citizens are still divided into two groups. One group supports most of the actions of the government while the other disagrees with most of the undertakings of the government. This division materialized in 2013 when there was a total shutdown of the government due to highly divergent views. There are various factors that have contributed to the growth of government. They include; physical expansion of the US as well as the growth of the population. 2. Federalism The government structure is based on this principle. This principle allows various units to share power. The citizens of United States are subjected to city laws, county laws, state...
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Reflection Paper

Reflection Paper Briefly identify the concepts that you learned from this week’s materials. This week I learned a number of key concepts from the textbook, lecture, video, presentations, and discussion boards. From the textbook, I learnt a lot about what constitutes public policy, why government is involved in policy development, how the government develops public policy, and the various contexts of public policy. I learnt that public policy refers to the actions (or lack of actions) by government officials towards particular problems affecting the citizens. A number of factors or contexts affect the development of public policy. These include social context, political context, economic context, cultural context, and governing context. The government may get involved in public policy development due to various reasons. Some of the key reasons identified include ethical reasons, to avert market failure, and for political reasons. The government effects public policy through a number of tools such as introducing market incentives, regulation, education, taxes, and through other...
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Financial research paper on Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation

Financial research paper on Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation Introduction The following paper will focus on the Susan G. Komen for the Cure. Every organization needs a mission in order to survive in the long run. The mission of the organization is dedicated to the early detection and treatment of cancer while supporting the fight against breast cancer, funding research and helping people live more productive lives before, during and after a cancer diagnosis. The Komen organization is considered to be “the Gold Standard” among non-profits and one of the leading and largest breast cancer research organizations in the United States. As the demographic trends are showing upward slope, risk for the life in terms of diseases is increasing day by day. One of the major threats to life that has appeared over time is related to the breast cancer, and most of the people did not take this issue seriously. The organization started its operations in the year 1991. By...
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Economics, Economics homework help
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How to Deal with Difficult People

How to Deal with Difficult People One of the ways I have grown in the understanding of conflicts is that they provide one with the opportunity to grow personally and professionally. Learning how to manage conflicts is critical in both personal and professional life. In the workplace, learning how to manage conflicts is a key leadership skill. Organizational leaders deal with conflicts involving employees or customers on almost daily basis. In addition, employees must learn to deal with conflicts before they escalate to levels requiring management intervention. Employees who are good at resolving conflicts are likely to become leaders in the future since it is a key leadership skill. Another way I have grown in the understanding of conflict and conflict resolution is that one can either apply negative or positive ways of resolving a conflict. An example of a positive way of resolving a conflict is through empathy. A negative aspect might be getting judgmental, which may aggravate the situation....
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