Category Archives: art homework help

Indian Percussion

Question

write a short response to the clinic of what you did learn, experience of hearing/listening to Zakir Hussain’s Masters of Percussion 111

Sample paper

Indian Percussion

The barriers preventing a meeting of western popular music and Indian classical music was insurmountable for centuries. However, in recent days, the western countries have started appreciating the Percussion masters of India thanks to the hard work of Zakir Husain’s tabla duet with his father. With percussion masters of India, Zakir leads a program featuring a dazzling display of drumming with virtuosos both from North and South India.  The performance of this program often comprises a presentation of the traditional classical repertoire of the tabla by Zakir himself with the help of his brother Fazar (Roy, 2016). However, it is worth noting that the performance is not complete without the collaboration between the north and south Indian drumming which features both the classical and folk traditions.

Indian percussion plays an important role both in Hindustani from the North and Carnatic from the Sothern part of the country. Notably, improvisation on a song must follow the exigencies of both the raga and the tala. Just like in Indian classical music where the composer improvises, the drummers in Indian percussion can also improvise while performing calling on the hundreds of small set of patterns that the performer has learned through training, rearranging them and modifying them through different techniques.  Some of the famous instruments used during the performance of an Indian percussion include the sarangi, which often described as the oldest bowed instruments in India. This instrument is particularly popular among the northern provinces (Goyal et al., 2013). Additionally, the tabla is another major instrument used during the performance of this popular drumming. Tabla comprises a pair of single-headed tuned kettle drums. the left-hand drum known as the banya is made of an alloy of copper and silver while the right-hand drum known as the tabla has a hardwood body.

 

References

Goyal, S., Lyngdoh, N., Goyal, A., Shunyu, N., Dey, S., & Yunus, M. (2013). Impacted foreign body bronchus: Role of percussion in removal. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 57(6), 630. doi:10.4103/0019-5049.123349

Roy, U. K. (2016). Instrumental Bengali music synthesis from transcription with Indian percussion instruments. 2016 International Conference on Computer, Electrical & Communication Engineering (ICCECE). doi:10.1109/iccece.2016.8009551

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Indian Classical Music

MUSIC Library Company Research Project

Question 1: What are they known for?

The Omni music company is a music organization that focuses on creating and distributing world-class music for films, television, and the internet.

Question 2: Full catalogue or specific styles?

The company is known for its production of high-quality music tracks that are needed for modern media production. Therefore, their music ranges from pounding grunge to the soaring jazz to classical strings. Therefore, it is safe to state that the company deals with all types of songs (Doan, 2018).

Question 3: What are their typical placements?

To remain in the market for long and to gain a competitive edge over their competitors, the company focuses on producing music to thousands of films, televisions, corporate, the internet as well as mobile producers across the world. This is to say that the company has a diverse customer base.

Question 4: What is their financial arrangement with composers?

The composers in this company are compensated through publisher share. In this arrangement, the composer transfers their rights through publishing deal where the publisher of the music enjoys particular rights and then given the power to licenses and collects royalties of that song (Haworth, 2013).

Question 5: Who retains the copyright?

The copyrights of the composition remain with the artist considering that he is the owner of the composition and has exclusive rights regarding his or her work to reproduce or to perform it in public.

Question 6: Is it an exclusive agreement (can the composer license the music elsewhere)?

The company provides opportunities for the composers to grow to the next level by allowing them to license their music to other companies. Therefore, composers are given an opportunity to choose the company they feel that suits their interests better.

Question 7: How do composers get started there?

To become one of the celebrated composers in the company, a new composer is given a small assignment to test their suitability and creativity. Then after the assignment, they sign with the company (Haworth, 2013).

Question 8: Can I send material in for feedback?

Yes. Composers are allowed to send material in which are then evaluated by highly qualified producers, and the feedback is sent back to the composer.

References

Doan, J. M. (2018). Music for Silent Film: A Guide to North American Resources by Kendra Preston Leonard. Notes, 74(3), 455-457.

Haworth, C. (2013). Seeing through Music: Gender and Modernism in Classic Hollywood Film Scores. By Peter Franklin. Music and Letters, 94(2), 365-367. doi:10.1093/ml/gct045

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Indian Classical Music

Indian Classical Music

Question

write a short response to the clinic of what you did learn, experience of hearing/listening to Indian classical music

Sample paper

Name

Professor’s Name

Course

Date

Indian Classical Music

For decades and centuries, humanity has been using music as a way of a community as well as transferring information and culture from one generation to another. Research shows that music can be a social activity, but can only be a spiritual experience depending on the nature and the purpose of the music. History shows that Indian classical music has two major traditions that include the north Indian classical music tradition known as Hindustani as well as the South India tradition known as the Carnatic. Ancient Indians were deeply impressed by the spiritual power of music, and it is out of this interest and devotion that the Indian classical music was developed (Mehta 77). As a result, it is safe to state that Indian classical music is comprised of single-minded devotion and lifelong commitment. This assignment will focus on identifying and exploring different aspects and components of the Indian classical music as presented in the master clinic.

One of the most important elements of the Indian classical music that was present in the clinic is the language of the music widely known as the ragas. According to studies, one can learn the Indian classical music the same way individuals learn a new language. Therefore, once an individual has learned the basic notes of the music, then he or she can be introduced to different music themes widely known as the ragas.  With the learning of these new themes a composer is often encouraged to improvise the keynotes of the music to create their melodies, and through this improvisation, the Indian music grows from one stage to another (Sarrazin 25). It is worth noting that to create a success raga; a composer must have the ability to choose a particular set of notes from a single octave. Notably, varied sets of notes help to ignite varied moods and inspire different feelings.

Another important aspect of this music is the use of ornaments which are used to bring the music to life.  As evident in the presentation, Indian classical music is about single melodic development where composers are trained to manipulate and do amazing things with only one single line of melody. Therefore, to enhance the quality of the music, these artists often use ornamentation. Notably, different types of ornamentation are used in the Indian classical music to bring the music into life (Roy 131). These ornamentations can add finer nuances to the melody or can completely change the dimension of the music by adding a new texture. Therefore, it is safe to state that different ornaments used in this music contribute to giving a body and dimensions to a simple melody as well as making these melodies complete in and of itself without the need for accompaniment.

Another important point noted during the performance is the use notation during the performance of the music. It is evident that the performers of Indian classical music do not notate music for performance needs considering that a classical music composer is by definition capable of developing a new raga. Therefore, the mere performance of this music is by itself an act of raga development considering the artist might be forced to improvise in the course of the performance (Leante 170). However, the notation is widely used to teach and learn music as well as aiding memory.  Notably, when a composer introduces a new raga, he or she might notate a few melodic phrases, patterns, and simple composition to enable them to recall them later. Therefore, it is safe to conclude that Indian classical music is one of the celebrated and rich music genres in the contemporary world.

 

Works Cited

Leante, Laura. “Imagery, Movement and Listeners’ Construction of Meaning in North Indian Classical Music.” Experience and Meaning in Music Performance, 2013, pp. 161-184.

Mehta, R. C. Indian classical music and gharānā tradition. Readworthy Publications, 2008.

Roy, Jeff. “The Internet Guru: Online Pedagogy in Indian Classical Music Traditions.” Asian Music, vol. 47, no. 1, 2016, pp. 103-135.

Sarrazin, Natalie R. Indian Music in the Classroom. Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2009.

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Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints Peter, Paul and George (?), Four Angels, and a Donor

Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints Peter, Paul and George (?), Four Angels, and a Donor

Reason for Choosing the Specific Work of Art

I chose this work of art because the author, Fra Angelico, contributed immensely in the development and advancement of painting in Europe during the renaissance period, yet he is not fully appreciated for the critical role he played. Fra Angelico is credited with introducing the method of varying light and shadows to create unique visual effects (The MET, 2006). As such, his work is significant in the history of art.

Biography of the Artist

Fra Angelico was born in 1395 in an Italian town, Vicchio, and died in 1455 (The MET, 2006). He was among the greatest painters of his times. He born Guido di Pietro, but adopted Fra Angelico later. He began his painting career in his late teens in 1417. Between 1420 and 1422, he was a member of Dominican friar, residing in the Church of San Domenico, Fiesole town (The MET, 2006). As a member of the priory at San Domenico, he took the name Fra Giovanni da Fiesole. One of the major influencers in his work was Giovanni Dominici, an elite military leader at the time (Salmi, n.d). Giovanni Dominici emphasized on the need to stick to tradition, which reflects why much of Fra Angelico’s work had a significant classical influence. Saint Antoninus Pierozzi, who rose in ranks to become Archbishop at Florence in 1523, also influenced his work significantly. Fra Angelico and St. Antoninus belonged to the same friar.

Fra Angelico received training from another great artist of the time, Lorenzo Monaco. Lorenzo Monaco was born in 1370 and died in 1425. Monaco was a monk, painter, and a revered manuscript illuminator. He had a workshop where aspiring artists such as Fra Angelico could train. Indeed, some of Fra Angelico’s unfinished paintings during his apprentice with Lorenzo Monaco are available. Lorenzo Monaco’s style adopted an aesthetic feel. Nevertheless, Monaco did not have a significant influence in Fra Angelico’s style as earlier thought (National Gallery of Art, 2018). Other artists who likely influenced Fra Angelico’s style are Gentile da Fabriano, Masolino, and Ghiberti (NGA, 2018). Fra Angelico’s works were exhibited in churches.

Context of the Artwork

Fra Angelico’s artwork depicts the Virgin holding a child and with saints and angels on the sides. Much of his artwork was dedicated to Dominican religious institutions. The painting was used to advance the interests of the church, such as providing meaningful teachings to the congregation. This painting was displayed in the Church of San Domenico (The MET, 2006). The church would pay for the painting. The making of the artwork was in the early renaissance period. During this period, classical medieval styles such as the byzantine style heavily influence artwork. It is worth noting that during the classical medieval period, art had a significant Christian influence – much of the art reflected the thinking of religions leaders (Emeritus, Preble, & Frank, 2013). Fra Angelico’s artwork has a strong Christian influence as it was meant for the church.

The renaissance represents a period where there was a departure in thought from the Middle Ages. The religious dogma that pervaded the Middle Ages was increasingly being challenged by the emergence of new knowledge and ways of interpreting things. Nevertheless, the people did not abandon the religious teachings entirely, but only adopting new ways of thinking free from religious influence. During the renaissance, the Italians developed renewed interest in art as well as in ideas perpetuated by classical Greeks and Romans (Emeritus, Preble, & Frank, 2013). The Greco-Roman influence on artwork was strongest in the south, which could explain why Fra Angelico did religions paintings. Art during the Middle Ages and early renaissance was nature-centered in line with Christian doctrines. This may explain why Fra Angelico’s painting depicts beautiful flowers along the frame. Art during the renaissance also became more realistic and humanistic in nature.

The artwork is two sided. The front has the virgin holding the child, while at the back was the painting of Christ. In 1869, the two paintings were displayed separately at Baron Triqueti collection. J.A. Crowe and G.B. Cavalcaselle saw the two pieces at this collection (Kanter et al., 2005). From then, the two pieces were displayed at Edouard Anynard collection. From 1914, the main piece of painting came to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The minor piece (painting of Christ) came latter in 1985 (Kanter et al., 2005).

Analysis of the Work

Fra Angelico’s artwork depicts Virgin Mary, seated on a throne. In the background, there are angels. Besides the virgin, there are Saints Peter, Paul, and George (Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 2018). The donor is kneeling. The actual function or ceremony depicted in the painting remains unknown (Kanter et al., 2005). Fra Angelico uses the tempera on panel technique. The tempera on panel technique utilizes a water-based and fast-drying painting medium with egg yolk acting as the binder (Emeritus, Preble, & Frank, 2013). Tempera was the painting medium used in the Middle Ages to the early renaissance period. Oil paints began gaining prominence during the renaissance period. Oil paints replaced tempera paintings, the former allowing artists to display vivid colors and different shades and hues on their artworks.

The painting depicts Virgin Mary at the middle holding a child and at the center. There is use of linear perspective in a bid to depict the images in a three-dimensional space. The figures have modest postures, each akin to the role it plays. For instance, the donor seems to humble himself before Virgin Mary. A decorative background obscures the full realism of the three-dimensional space that one may experience with modern art.

References

Emeritus, D. P., Preble, S., & Frank, P. L. (2013). Artforms: an introduction to the visual arts      (11th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education, Inc.

Kanter, L. B., Palladino, P., Angelico, ., & Metropolitan Museum of Art. (2005). Fra Angelico.   New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Museum of Fine Arts Boston. (2018). Virgin and child enthroned with Saints Peter, Paul and       George (?), four Angels, and a Donor. Retrieved from     http://www.mfa.org/collections/object/virgin-and-child-enthroned-with-saints-peter-paul-       and-george-four-angels-and-a-donor-31510

National Gallery of Art (NGA). (2018). Fra Angelico. Retrieved from             https://www.nga.gov/collection/artist-info.99.html

Salmi, M. (n.d). Fra Angelico: Italian Painter. Retrieved from             https://www.britannica.com/biography/Fra-Angelico

The Metropolitan Museum of Art Timeline of Art (The MET). (2006). Fra Angelico (ca. 1395-    1455). Retrieved from https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/fang/hd_fang.htm

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Actaeon Watching Diana and Her Nymphs Bathing

Actaeon Watching Diana and Her Nymphs Bathing

Art of Renaissance class Final Essay

Some of the earliest of all known art feature people and wildlife to show how the early artists not only expressed themselves through creativity but also appreciated the life around them.  According to history, different key art concepts have evolved over the years and throughout different eras to get where it is today.  With the changing of artistic perceptions and techniques of processing, analyzing and responding to various forms of art, it is safe to state that art has tremendously increased in the form of its quality and creativity.  The introduction of technology has substantially improved art with most artist depending on the internet to learn different techniques through which they can enhance the quality of their work (Serée-Chaussinand, 128). Scholars have defined art as the theory and physical expression of one creativity in society and different cultures. Further research on the subject shows that the major components of artistic work include literature, performing art, and visual arts such as drawing and paintings. This assignment will largely focus on providing more information on the Actaeon Watching Diana and Her Nymphs Bathing by Paolo Veronese.

Question 1: Why you chose this specific work of art?

The primary reason for choosing this painting is the fact that it represents one of the five paintings by the artist showing scenes from Roman mythology apart from highly creative work. Back in the 1560s, art was highly appreciated in the community as it was a way of communication from the artist to his or her audience (Marzillier, 84). Furthermore, it is widely known that most of the work presented by the artist always carried a moral lesson based on the picture. On this occasion, the artist intended to inform his audience that it was worth respecting the privacy of others especially women in the society.

Question 2: The biography of the artist

Paolo Veronese, who credited with the painting of this highly creative and attractive image is regarded as one of the most talented artists to have ever graced the face of the earth. According to history, Paolo Veronese was born in 1528 in Verona, Italy and died in 1588 at the age of 60 years. His work is highly appreciated around the universe to date because he depicted allegorical, biblical or historical subjects and lessons in attractive and splendid colors. Furthermore, most of his work is set in a system of classicizing Renaissance architecture. According to history, despite starting as a stone cutter just like father, his interest in painting made him be apprenticed to a painter by the name of Antonio Badile to sharpen his skills in this area. Coincidentally, Veronese came to marry one of Badile’s daughters by the name of Elena (Garton,35). Apart from being influenced Antonio Badile, Veronese is said to have developed a liking for a group of painters such as Domenico Brusasorci, Giambattista Zelotti, and Paolo Farinati who helped him to develop the sound painting skills as well as developing a passion for painting.

Question 4: Context of the artwork concerning the times and culture of the time

The painting was created in a period where The Roman Empire did not regard women equals to men unless they were married in their husband’s control which allowed men to take possessions of all the belongings of their newly wedded wives. The paint shows a picture of a young hunter who has stumbled upon the goddess of the hunt in the name of Siana bathing with her nymphs. Rather than showing respect to their privacy by walking away, the young hunter decides to sit down on the rock and watched the goddess and her nymphs bath. As a consequence of his immoral actions of gazing upon their nudity, the goddess transforms him into a stag, and he is torn apart by his dogs (Krems, 337). The work became the MFA when women began to call for equal rights in the society. Most of them referred to this painting to show that they were human who demanded respect and equality in the society. Therefore, it is safe to state that it became the reference point in the fight for equality in the Roman society.

Question 5: Analysis of the work: subject matter, technique, complete visual analysis

The subject matter of the picture is respect for women’s rights and their privacy in the society. Notably, during the time the painting was created, women in the Roman Empire were only treated as sex objects rather than important people in the society. Besides, based on the quality of the painting it is safe to state that the artist has used oil on canvas to improve the quality of the painting.  According to research, after painting, the artist uses oil canvasses to improve the quality of their work and to improve their imagery by reducing the amount of time taken by the painting to dry. Finally, it is safe to state that the painting has images of eight women who are bathing in a river with their clothes tossed to their right (Serée-Chaussinand, 125). Across them, a young man is lying on a stone watching them take a bath. Next, to the young man there are two dogs are assumed to be his based on the context of the image.

Works Cited

Garton, J. Grace and grandeur: the portraiture of Paolo Veronese. . Harvey Miller., 2008.

Krems, E. B. ” Nymphs Bathing in the King’s Garden: La Granja de San Ildefonso and Caserta. .” The Figure of the Nymph in Early Modern Culture, (2018): 337.

Marzillier, J. “Writing a memoir. .” Psychodynamic Practice, 17(1), (2011): 81-85.

Serée-Chaussinand, C. (2014). ” Actaeon Revisited: Seamus Heaney and Sinéad Morrissey Respond to Titian. .” New Hibernia Review, 18(4), (2014). 119-130.

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Response to Jazmine Booth

Response to Jazmine Booth

Question

Assignment 2: Rough Draft Discussion

              . Read at least two of your classmates’ drafts and provide comments and suggestions on how they can improve their papers.

Once a draft has received a review from one of your classmates, try to focus on another paper so that each student receives feedback from at least two other classmates. Particularly, you should address the following areas in the seminar papers: Do the papers exhibit logical consistency?

Do conclusions follow from the data and its analysis? Have gaps in research data been identified and explained? While responding, identify the similarities and differences between what you have constructed and what your classmates have.

Sample paper

Response to Jazmine Booth

Your paper exhibits great logical consistency. There is good flow of ideas, which is characterized by logical connectedness of one idea to another. I have found your introduction particularly enticing. Just by reading the introduction, one can tell a lot about the nature of your paper. The introduction helped me to clearly understand the topic and your general argument of the paper. With regard to gap in existing research, there is lack of sufficient data on whether treatment in prison settings has a significant impact on crime and violence just as you highlight. There are various treatment approaches today in prisons but the rate of recidivism remains high. This indicates the inefficiencies of some of these treatment approaches. Nonetheless, there are a few areas of improvement I would like point out. In feel the conclusion is not strong enough and should be expanded a bit. It should tie everything together and provide strong comments about your findings from the discussion. Another thing to note is that when you provide statistics basing on ‘recent studies’ make sure the sources are less than 5 years old. Overall, the paper looks great.

Response to Nadia Thornton

Great topic you chose to work on. There are many controversies over the efficacy of various rehabilitation programs in reducing recidivism rates. Your paper abstract provides a great overview of the topic in general. This is great as the abstract is surely meant to act as a summary of the paper. There are a few things you can do to improve the logical consistency of your paper. You need to shorten your paragraph length to utmost 150 words per paragraph. This would make it easier to read and understand the arguments in a particular paragraph. You also need to include subheadings throughout the paper. This will help in making the paper more clear, such that the reader can enjoy going through the paper. There also a few issues with APA citations. You should cite the ‘Bureau of Justice Statistics’ as an organization and include the year or publication. It is difficult to tell whether gaps in research were identified because there are no subheadings. You should make your conclusion stronger by summarizing your findings concerning the efficacy of rehabilitation programs in reducing recidivism rates.

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Safety and health issues in AMAZON

Safety and health issues in AMAZON

Question

Top three major safety and health issues in AMAZON, and write a policy on each, consistent with Occupational Safety &

Health Administration (OSHA) standards. There is a minimum requirement of 300 words for each of the three job policies.

Each of the five domains of OSHA must be considered when writing these three policies:

  1. Hazard communication: How will you notify people of potentially dangerous or unhealthy work conditions?
  2. Blood-borne pathogens: How will you protect employees from blood-borne pathogens such as AIDS?
  3. Personal protective equipment (PPE): What equipment or tools will your employees in this job require to work safely?
  1. Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs): How will you prevent CTDs that come from repetitive movement (e.g., carpel tunnel syndrome)?
  1. Work assignments: How will you handle potentially dangerous work assignments, especially to protect unborn babies?

Sample paper

Safety and health issues in AMAZON

Just like any other company and organization, Amazon should put more emphasis on the safety and the health conditions of their work environment to ensure that they meet the international standards. Amazon is one of the American electronic commerce giants and the clouding company that has operated internationally since 1994. Statistics and research show that Amazon is the largest internet based retailer in the world today by total sales and market capitalization. Despite being a multinational company, Amazon has faced a lot of criticism in recent years, both from workers and in the general public regarding their health and safety measures especially after a reported series of deaths in their company. This assignment will focus on identifying and describing three major safety and health issues facing Amazon as a company.

Working from height

One of the major health and safety issue reported at the company is working from heights, including ladders and other raised areas. Given the fact that Amazon being an internet company deals with packaging and selling of electronics from their stores, they must have upper drawers and compartments where they store their trading goods. Apart from having tall storage facilities which can only be accessed through the use of ladders, the company also has a maintenance team that is responsible for ensuring that their facilities are in good condition by applying new color coats or ensuring that their electrical wiring is in good condition. All these workers who perform such kind of duties are at the risk of getting injured in case of misunderstanding or fall (Schulte, 2014). Statistics show that hazards associated with working at height can originate from lack of understanding between two working partners and accounts for 14% of all workplace accidents in the company. Employers may not know they need to provide their employees with fall protection equipment, or the fall protection gear may not be worn properly or not hooked to anything.

However, to help reduce the negative outcome of this hazard, there is the need for the management team to help train and communicate the hazards and safety measures necessary to work in such conditions and areas. The best and ideal way of communicating this information to the employee is word of mouth through their supervisors as well as handing them safety and health measure workbook to ensure that they read all the time necessary. In addition, the company needs to identify all locations where fall protection is necessary and equip all workers with personal protective equipment such as headgears and safety boots to reduce the effect of the damage for impact in case he or she falls from a raised ground while working. The company should put more emphasis on the well-being of the employees given the fact that labor and employee is one of the important assets that a company can ever own.

Unguarded machinery and moving machinery parts

Since its initiation, Amazon has seen several deaths in their facilities as a result of unguarded machinery and other work related hazards. However, in 2013, the company reported one of the saddest death stories of 57 years old male worker who was working sorting items for orders when he was caught by conveyor belt and dragged. Despite being taken to the hospital, Ronald Smith did not survive. It is worth noting that this is just an example of so many other death cases that has been reported in the facility due to extreme working conditions especially uncovered and guarded machines and machine parts (Brauer, 2016). Due to the high demand of the company work rate, employees are forced to work under pressure and at times are forced to take shortcuts which result in accidents.

To help prevent such accidents in the workplace, there is the need to cover all the machines and moving parts as well as providing safety gears. However, in the case of blood-borne pathogens, there is the need to train workers how to deal with infections such as AIDS by educating them in the best way they can avoid the infection and all they need to know about the disease.

Confined spaces

This is one of the most common safety issues that a company can experience. Amazon has suffered from this workplace assessment where they need to have special confined spaces for their equipment, and these accidents occur because the employer did not issue a permit or failed to carry out a risk assessment. Confined spaces are likely to result in cumulative trauma disorder that comes from repetitive movement and to address this issue; the company needs to develop a rotation plan where workers can be rotated from one department to another (Lundgren, 2013). Moreover, to handle potentially dangerous work assignment, especially to protect unborn babies is to ensure that expectant mothers are not assigned to perform duties that can endanger their lives or that of the child. Additionally, I can advise the mother on how to proceed cautiously to ensure that her life is not in danger and that her child is in good condition and healthy

References

Brauer, R. L. (2016). Safety and health for engineers. John Wiley & Sons.

Lundgren, R. E. (2013). Risk communication: A handbook for communicating environmental,                   safety, and health risks. John Wiley & Sons.

Schulte, P. A. (2014). Occupational safety and health criteria for responsible development of                   nanotechnology. . Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 16(1), , 1-1.

 

Plato, Descartes, and The Matrix

Question

1. Compare and contrast The Matrix with the readings from Plato and Descartes. What are some similarities and differences?

2. Can we prove that the world we are experiencing is real? How do we know we are not dreaming, living in a Platonic cave, or trapped in some sort of matrix?

3. At the end of the cave allegory, Socrates implies that most men would want to escape the cave and see reality as it really is. However, in his betrayal of Morpheus, Cypher implies that it is better to live in the artificial world of the Matrix. Which is better: the harshness of reality, or the “ignorance is bliss” of illusion? Defend your answer.

4. Since much of our knowledge is based on sensory experience, and since our senses are imperfect and can be deceived, can we ever be certain that our beliefs are true? Defend or explain your answer.

Sample paper

Plato, Descartes, and The Matrix

Question 1

In The Matrix, human beings live in a simulated world, whereby the experiences they go through are controlled through sentiment machines. Although man created these intelligent machines, they went out of control to the point of enslaving the entire humankind in a simulated world. The intelligent machines control the type of experiences that people have. They are capable of this since the machines harvest the minds of humans and pacify them. Those living in the simulated environment believe that they live in reality. However, this is far from the truth, since they actually live in a simulated environment, which they have come to believe is their ultimate reality.

In Plato’s classic work, The republic, Socrates gives the allegory of the cave, where people have been chained since they were born. They only see what is in front of them since the chains that bind them restrict movement or turning of the head. The people chained on the wall could see shadows from people passing near the cave. A fire near the cave projects the shadows since near the fire, there is a footpath and a wall separating all these from the cave. In addition, the people casting shadows on the wall of the cave make sounds while passing, which reverberates off the wall of the cave. Socrates asserts that the people in chains would regard the passing shadows as beings, with the ability to make sounds. The people chained on the cave have never experienced life on the outside. To them, the cave is their real world, and the shadows are human beings.

Comparing The Matrix with the readings from Plato, it is possible to identify a number of similarities. In The Matrix, people live in a simulated environment where their experiences are under the control of intelligent machines. A particular force regulates the sensations and experiences they encounter. This is similar to the allegory of the cave. In both, the people’s experiences are false in some way – the people in the cave believe the shadows and human beings and can talk. They also acknowledge the fact that the life they are leading is the ultimate reality. In The Matrix, the people experience false sensations through simulation, which they have come to believe is the ultimate reality. A difference between readings from Plato and The Matrix is that in the former, people experience real sensations or perceptions. For instance, they can see shadows that are real. In addition, the people themselves can perceive themselves as real as they are in existent. In The Matrix, none that occurs is real in the sense that it occurs through simulation. The images that people see are just visual or sensory distortions in The Matrix.

Related: Judicial Process

In Meditation I, Rene Descartes examines the concept of dreams. He analyzes the concept of reality with regard to dreams and the manner in which they occur. When one dreams, he/she is convinced that they are experiencing the real objects or things in life. Dream images arise from experiences that individuals encounter on daily basis. The meditator likens dreams to paintings – although artists may create surreal art forms such as mermaids, the composite parts are derived from real things such as fish and women. In order to distinguish dreams from reality, the Mediator argues that in reality, things appear more clear and distinct that when they are in dreams. The Mediator argues that objects in dreams appear more like “painted representations”, which only could have been derived from real things. Mediation I is similar to The Matrix since both examine the possibility of people living in dream world, or in a world of simulation. The dream world and the simulated world are quite similar, since both involve distortions of perception. These worlds are not real, but they appear as real to those involved. The difference among the two is that in The Matrix, the simulated world appears more realistic than the dream world, which appears less clear.

Question 2

There are ways that we can prove the world we are experiencing is real. Descartes argues that in dreams, things appear less distinct or clear than when in they are in reality. In reality, one does things deliberately and for a particular purpose. For instance, one may extend the hand and touch his head, or feel the eyes with his hands, and it appears that one is actually doing so. Another way of knowing that the world people experience is real is through dreams. This is because when people sleep, they dream, but these dreams are not as clear or as distinct as the real world experiences. Then one may conclude that, those dreams are just like paintings made by artists; however real they seem, one may still depict differences in clarity and distinctiveness. Another way people can prove the world they are experiencing is real is by analyzing the constancy of things. In dreams, nothing is consistent. In reality, things tend to be consistent.

References

Descartes, R. (1641). Meditations on first philosophy. Retrieved from             http://selfpace.uconn.edu/class/percep/DescartesMeditations.pdf

The Matrix.

Plato. The Republic. Retrieved from http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/republic.html

How government has overstepped biblical principles in some form of economic policy

Judicial Process

Question

Given the system that exists in administration of justice in the United States, what elements of the system do you feel work well or impede the completion of the judicial process? Does our judicial process relate to biblical principles? .

Sample paper

Judicial Process

One of the elements of the U.S. judicial process that works well involves religious neutrality. The U.S. justice administration system does not take sides regarding religious matters. The justice system recognizes religion as a unique good that is vital for society (Schmidt, 2004). However, the state opts to remain neutral in matters relating religion owing to the different understandings of religions among different religions denominations in the U.S. Another element that works well involves the aim to rehabilitate offenders rather than punish them. This is a modern dimension taken by the justice process after realization that the traditional approach did not yield good results. Some elements impede the completion of the judicial process in the U.S. justice administration. One of the elements involves reverse discrimination whereby in spite of efforts to eliminate the problem of discrimination, another new aspect related to the same problem has emerged. Reverse discrimination occurs when the law selectively favors those who were previously discriminated.

Although the United States is a secular state, the judicial process relate to the biblical principles in various ways. The judicial process borrows heavily from Christian or biblical teachings in various aspects. In administration of justice, the judicial process advocates for the fundamental rights and freedoms of all citizens (Schmidt, 2004). Some of the fundamental rights and freedoms involve the right of belief, right to assemble, freedom of association, expression, and others. Similarly, the Christian doctrines emphasize about freedom of humankind and the will to remain free by stating clearly that no man should be above the law. Even the king is below God and law. Some elements of the U.S. law directly borrow from Christian teachings. Deuteronomy 19.15 states, “One witness is not enough to convict a man accused of any crime or offense he may have committed…” In line with this, the justice process requires testimonies from a number of witnesses in order for a person to receive conviction of a crime (Schmidt, 2004).

Reference

Schmidt, A. (2004). How Christianity Changed the World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

How government has overstepped biblical principles in some form of economic policy

How government has overstepped biblical principles in some form of economic policy

Question

ECONOMICS ANALYSIS ESSAY
For this assignment, you will write a 2–3-page paper  providing at least 1 example of how government has overstepped biblical principles in some form of economic policy.Options include the following topics:
• A specific piece of legislation relating to business regulation or taxation.
• The “party platform” of either the Republican Party or the Democratic Party (or both).
• The role of the Federal Reserve.
• The budget process.

Sample paper

How government has overstepped biblical principles in some form of economic policy

Christians in every corner of the world are known to observe strict rules in their based on the laws, rules, and regulations on the Bible. Through some biblical principles, God can convey to humankind how they should live and to Christians, these principles present a progressive maturity in faith. These biblical principles are usually integrated into the fabric of human beings and nature so that all individuals can understand the plans that God has for us. However, more often humankind overstep the biblical principles in their daily lives as they struggle and strive to fulfill their dreams and satisfy their ever-growing desires and needs.  On the other hand, the budget process is the procedure by which governments, organizations, and individuals create and approve an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time (Ott, 2010). In one way or another, through the process individuals violates biblical principles. This paper seeks to show how budget process oversteps some of the biblical principles.

Biblical principles are drawn from both old and new testaments that present guidelines that should oversee that humankind live in the ways of righteousness as the Bible says. One of the biblical principles that are widely violated during the budgeting process is the principle of poverty. According to the Bible, Jesus was not a fun of wealth and in more than one instant he tried to show how the rich will not see the heavenly kingdom due to their crooked ways. According to the Bible, there is one instance that he said that it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of the needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God. Moreover, he also encouraged a rich ruler to sell everything and give it to the poor (Ott, 2010). These events clearly show that Jesus was against the human behavior of piling a mountain of wealth while others live poverty-stricken lives. He went ahead to declare that it is prudent not to store treasures for ourselves on earth.

On the other hand, the budget process helps organizations and individuals create and manage a financial plan that is meant to last for some time. During the personal budget process, an individual is supposed to gather all the amount of money he has and create a plan that is meant to ensure that the cash and income he has satisfies all his needs (Wehner, 2010). At times, the income is not enough and individuals go ahead to borrow funds from other individuals and financial institutions to fulfill their desires.  At the end of the day, the budget process involves storage of cash and other monetary materials to be used in foreseeable future.

From the discussion above, it is easy to identify overstepping and violation of the poverty principle. According to the biblical teachings, it is wrong for an individual to think solely of themselves while forgetting the wellbeing of other people. As a result, they should not store their wealth and money, but they should share it with the less fortunate in the society. Thus, instead of making a budget, these individuals should share what they have with the poor and wait upon the Lord to take care of their wellbeing in the future.  However, considering the unfaithful of human nature, they have to store for the future in the fear that the future is predictable, and anything can happen. This fear leads to overstepping of some of the biblical principles.

References

Ott, C. &. (2010). Global church planting: Biblical principles and best practices for multiplication. . Baker Books.

Wehner, J. (2010). Legislatures and the budget process: the myth of fiscal control. Palgrave Macmillan.

Related:

Angels and Demons