Social Policy on Single-Use Plastics and Microbeads

Social Policy on Single-Use Plastics and Microbeads

Social Policy on Single-Use Plastics and Microbeads Social policy relates to the social arrangements that affect people’s everyday life. Policymaking aims at establishing collective solutions to problems affecting people in their everyday lives. Policymaking is a concerted action, which entails the collaboration of various bodies or authorities. It may involve the local communities and authorities or even the national government. The development of social policies is influenced by various factors such as influence of politics, lobbying by various interest groups such as private organizations, public interests, and among others. In Australia, there has been efforts by various groups to ban single-use plastic bags and the application of microbeads in the production of beauty products. The main contention is that non-biodegradable plastic materials contributes towards environmental pollution, reaching worrying levels. Policymakers have proposed plans to ban the single-use plastic bags in shopping, recommending the adoption of thicker plastic bags and total elimination of microbeads in manufacturing. Social need identified by evidence based research There...
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Treatment of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Australia

Treatment of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Australia

Treatment of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Australia The Problem In the last decade, a great number of asylum seekers and refugees, cramped in small boats, are increasingly trying to enter Australia. Some of these individuals are escaping the vagaries of war, while others are in search of greener pastures. The Australian government has in turn enacted strict policies and border controls measures meant to deter asylum seekers from entering Australia. Of major concern, reports of major human rights abuses have emerged over the recent past. Human rights violations targeting asylum seekers include torture, police harassment and brutality, arbitrary detention, and deportation to home countries (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2013). The policies adopted by the national government have elicited divisions among various factions. While some factions feel that the country should allow asylum seekers into the country, others feel this may be a potential security threat. This report will examine the various policy responses in relation to the issue of asylum seekers...
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Collated Research Critique and Report of Proposed Research

Collated Research Critique and Report of Proposed Research

Collated Research Critique and Report of Proposed Research Abstract Impact of Social Inclusion among Persons Living With Disabilities Social exclusion is one of the greatest challenges that people living with disabilities face. Social exclusion and marginalization of the disabled occurs at various levels of society, including learning institutions. Traditionally, people living with various disabilities attend special institutions meant to cater to their special needs. Over the last decade, there have been a progressive shift in the education policies in favor of inclusive education. In this type of education, persons with disabilities are accommodated in mainstream classrooms, fostering interactions with normal students. Nonetheless, some countries are yet to implement inclusive education in their educational curriculum, preferring to use special schools for the disabled. Special needs education aims at providing a conducive environment to the disabled that is less restrictive. Available literature indicates that inclusion of persons with disabilities in mainstream education has significant positive benefits compared to special needs education. Nonetheless, inclusion in mainstream...
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Prof Prac Research Assessments-Annotated Bibliography

Prof Prac Research Assessments-Annotated Bibliography

Prof Prac Research Assessments -Annotated Bibliography Trani, J. F., & Loeb, M. (2012). Poverty and disability: A vicious circle? Evidence from Afghanistan and Zambia. Journal of International Development, 24(4): 19–52. The duo analyses the relationship between disability and poverty, specifically trying to establish the robustness of the relationship. The research analyses data collected from household surveys conducted in Zambia and Afghanistan. An exploratory analysis was used to establish the relationship between the two concepts. Logistic regression was also used to determine the relationship between disability and poverty. The interdependency between disability and poverty is evaluated from different angles, and not just from an income perspective. The results indicate that that poverty is closely linked to lack of education opportunities, lower access to health facilities, and substantial unequal opportunities in the job market segment. The research focuses on multiple dimensions of poverty including non-monetary aspects such as well-being of the disabled. The specific aspects considered include life expectancy, health aspects, basic education, shelter,...
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Social Exclusion and Marginalization among the Disabled

Social Exclusion and Marginalization among the Disabled

Social Exclusion and Marginalization among the Disabled Disabled people have been marginalized in society for centuries. The situation is even worse for disabled children who have to bear with social exclusion from a relatively tender age. The current social structure and attitudes in the society foster an environment that segregates the disabled, driving them further below the poverty line. There is need for implementation of effective strategies that can help eliminate physical, organizational, attitudinal, and social barriers that hinder the physically challenged from achieving active citizenship. Currently, there are two disability discrimination acts that protect the disabled from any forms of discrimination. These include the Disability Discrimination Act enacted in 1995 and the Special Education Needs and Disability (NI) Order that was issued in 2005. Although these laws have been in existence for quite some time, they have not been able to protect the disabled from social exclusion and marginalization. This research will: Analyze the impacts of social exclusion and marginalization among...
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The Theoretical Concepts of Privilege and Oppression

The Theoretical Concepts of Privilege and Oppression

The Theoretical Concepts of Privilege and Oppression Privilege and oppression are two dominant and opposing forces in the society that we live. Often, I find myself in situations where others judge me based on perceived social or economic status. The modern society in is divided into classes and each of these accorded particular privileges. However, it is not in all circumstances that I have received privilege. Oppression has also shaped a better part of my life. Oppression occurs when a particular group of people acquire and maintain particular advantages over others. In oppression, a group of individuals becomes dominant over another. The group may be defined by unique physical appearances, culture, language, or ethnic background. In this paper, I will critically analyze the theoretical concepts of privilege and oppression. One of the things I have realized in life is that human beings are to a certain extent egocentric in nature. Thus when things are in their favor they often tend to forget...
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Developmental Perspectives on Behavior

Developmental Perspectives on Behavior

Developmental Perspectives on Behavior Part A Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model is important in the study of human development over time, and the gene-environment interactions. Bronfenbrenner held the view that the surrounding environment had a profound and pervasive impact on an individual’s development. Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model has four distinct dimensions that are an improvement from the earlier ecological systems theory. These dimensions include: process, person, context, and lastly time (Freudenberg, Klitzman, & Saegert, 2009). The process dimension involves the interaction between an organism and the environment, and the energy exchanges that occur between them. The person is the individual who shows distinct characteristics. The context in which events occur and time are also crucial in the model. Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model also highlights the importance of various levels of the environment which he referred to as systems namely microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem. The microsystem represents the direct environment that individuals come into contact with on daily basis (In Cicchetti & In Cohen, 2006). This...
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Impact of Adverse Childhood Experience on Human Development

Impact of Adverse Childhood Experience on Human Development

Assessment Task: Developmental Perspectives on Behaviour Impact of Adverse Childhood Experience on Human Development Required Article The enduring effects of abuse and related Adverse Experiences in Childhood The research question The study seeks to understand the impacts that abuse and related adverse experiences have on children. Also, the article addresses the impact that maltreatment has on the emotional well –being and the health of the children. The study focuses on the disturbances likelihood in a given behavior or function such as sleep disturbances and anxiety. Also, the study examines the number of comorbidities Theoretical perspectives The study draws from epidemiology and neurobiology evidence that state that stress in the early life such as abuse can lead to a brain dysfunction that has adverse impacts on quality and health of an individual. Even more, studies have shown that stress in an early life can result in long-term changes in brain system and circuits, (Slopen et al. 2013). Importantly, the study draws on various studies that have shown that...
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Discussion of Health  in point of view of diverse community groups

Discussion of Health in point of view of diverse community groups

Question Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.  ~World Health Organization, 1948 Discuss the above statement giving consideration to the various points of view of diverse community groups. Health Most individuals associate health with the physical well-being of the body. The physical health is directly related to the body, which most people associate to be the definition of health. However, mental health is another aspect of health which is often ignored by majority in the definition of health. Another term closely related to health is physical well-being. The physical well-being of an individual refers to adopting all the lifestyle components related to health. Physical health can be divided into chemical and structural health. There are different definitions of health. The World Health Organization (1948) defines health as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (p. 2). This paper will dwell...
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Influence of Historic Costume on Cotemporary Fashion Design

Influence of Historic Costume on Cotemporary Fashion Design

Questions Step  2.  Capture an image of each of the ten clothing items (women's, men's, or accessories, jewelry, etc.). Be sure to document each image. Step  3. Determine which period or decade from costume history served as inspiration for each of the ten items that you have chosen. Step  4.  Find photographic images of primary sources that show the historic styles. These primary sources are available in library books or magazines. Related paper: 10 ways to improve sports in American Society Historicism Project Influence of Historic Costume on Cotemporary Fashion Design ...
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