Category Archives: Art



Question 1

Many Tongans migrate from their native countries to the United States for different reasons.  However, the most popular reasons include relaxed migration policies for Tongans, to get better opportunities regarding employment and investments and out of missionary influence (“Tonga,” 2012,).  However, this practice is changing in recent times as the U.S strives to control the number of immigrants in the country. I only thought people migrate to the U.S to further their studies and for opportunities but my assumption has changed.

Question 2

The quote means that moving from Tonga to other countries in search of greener pastures given the economic conditions in the country is the dream of every Tongan citizen. Tongans have a culture of giving gifts which they often refer to kavenga meaning burden.  Therefore, to be in a position to afford these gifts, they have to work in what they perceive as greener pastures.

Question 3

One of the changing traditions of Tonga people is the holding of Tau fakalokua which is an evening party where farmers and fishers would meet in the evening to discuss the achievements of the day over a drink. However, with the increasing change in the money economy, cash cropping and commercial fishing this tradition are slowly fading away as there is less time for informal meetings (“Tonga,” n.d.). One of the American traditions that are slowly changing is the practice of eating fast food and taking too much alcohol during holidays.  With the increasing awareness of obesity, the drinking and eating habits are slowly changing with time.


Question 4

The most surprising lesson from the book is the fact that Tonga’s economy entirely depends on non-monetary sector and remittances from immigrants especially from the United States, Australia, and New Zealand.

Question 5

What is the significance of kavenga to the people of Tonga?



Tonga. (2012). Connecting with Emigrants. doi:10.1787/9789264177949-22-en

Tonga. (n.d.). Encyclopedia of World Poverty. doi:10.4135/9781412939607.n694

Indian Classical Music


write a short response to the clinic of what you did learn, experience of hearing/listening to Indian classical music

Sample paper


Professor’s Name



Indian Classical Music

For decades and centuries, humanity has been using music as a way of a community as well as transferring information and culture from one generation to another. Research shows that music can be a social activity, but can only be a spiritual experience depending on the nature and the purpose of the music. History shows that Indian classical music has two major traditions that include the north Indian classical music tradition known as Hindustani as well as the South India tradition known as the Carnatic. Ancient Indians were deeply impressed by the spiritual power of music, and it is out of this interest and devotion that the Indian classical music was developed (Mehta 77). As a result, it is safe to state that Indian classical music is comprised of single-minded devotion and lifelong commitment. This assignment will focus on identifying and exploring different aspects and components of the Indian classical music as presented in the master clinic.

One of the most important elements of the Indian classical music that was present in the clinic is the language of the music widely known as the ragas. According to studies, one can learn the Indian classical music the same way individuals learn a new language. Therefore, once an individual has learned the basic notes of the music, then he or she can be introduced to different music themes widely known as the ragas.  With the learning of these new themes a composer is often encouraged to improvise the keynotes of the music to create their melodies, and through this improvisation, the Indian music grows from one stage to another (Sarrazin 25). It is worth noting that to create a success raga; a composer must have the ability to choose a particular set of notes from a single octave. Notably, varied sets of notes help to ignite varied moods and inspire different feelings.

Another important aspect of this music is the use of ornaments which are used to bring the music to life.  As evident in the presentation, Indian classical music is about single melodic development where composers are trained to manipulate and do amazing things with only one single line of melody. Therefore, to enhance the quality of the music, these artists often use ornamentation. Notably, different types of ornamentation are used in the Indian classical music to bring the music into life (Roy 131). These ornamentations can add finer nuances to the melody or can completely change the dimension of the music by adding a new texture. Therefore, it is safe to state that different ornaments used in this music contribute to giving a body and dimensions to a simple melody as well as making these melodies complete in and of itself without the need for accompaniment.

Another important point noted during the performance is the use notation during the performance of the music. It is evident that the performers of Indian classical music do not notate music for performance needs considering that a classical music composer is by definition capable of developing a new raga. Therefore, the mere performance of this music is by itself an act of raga development considering the artist might be forced to improvise in the course of the performance (Leante 170). However, the notation is widely used to teach and learn music as well as aiding memory.  Notably, when a composer introduces a new raga, he or she might notate a few melodic phrases, patterns, and simple composition to enable them to recall them later. Therefore, it is safe to conclude that Indian classical music is one of the celebrated and rich music genres in the contemporary world.


Works Cited

Leante, Laura. “Imagery, Movement and Listeners’ Construction of Meaning in North Indian Classical Music.” Experience and Meaning in Music Performance, 2013, pp. 161-184.

Mehta, R. C. Indian classical music and gharānā tradition. Readworthy Publications, 2008.

Roy, Jeff. “The Internet Guru: Online Pedagogy in Indian Classical Music Traditions.” Asian Music, vol. 47, no. 1, 2016, pp. 103-135.

Sarrazin, Natalie R. Indian Music in the Classroom. Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2009.


Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints Peter, Paul and George (?), Four Angels, and a Donor

Actaeon Watching Diana and Her Nymphs Bathing

Art of Renaissance class Final Essay

Some of the earliest of all known art feature people and wildlife to show how the early artists not only expressed themselves through creativity but also appreciated the life around them.  According to history, different key art concepts have evolved over the years and throughout different eras to get where it is today.  With the changing of artistic perceptions and techniques of processing, analyzing and responding to various forms of art, it is safe to state that art has tremendously increased in the form of its quality and creativity.  The introduction of technology has substantially improved art with most artist depending on the internet to learn different techniques through which they can enhance the quality of their work (Serée-Chaussinand, 128). Scholars have defined art as the theory and physical expression of one creativity in society and different cultures. Further research on the subject shows that the major components of artistic work include literature, performing art, and visual arts such as drawing and paintings. This assignment will largely focus on providing more information on the Actaeon Watching Diana and Her Nymphs Bathing by Paolo Veronese.

Question 1: Why you chose this specific work of art?

The primary reason for choosing this painting is the fact that it represents one of the five paintings by the artist showing scenes from Roman mythology apart from highly creative work. Back in the 1560s, art was highly appreciated in the community as it was a way of communication from the artist to his or her audience (Marzillier, 84). Furthermore, it is widely known that most of the work presented by the artist always carried a moral lesson based on the picture. On this occasion, the artist intended to inform his audience that it was worth respecting the privacy of others especially women in the society.

Question 2: The biography of the artist

Paolo Veronese, who credited with the painting of this highly creative and attractive image is regarded as one of the most talented artists to have ever graced the face of the earth. According to history, Paolo Veronese was born in 1528 in Verona, Italy and died in 1588 at the age of 60 years. His work is highly appreciated around the universe to date because he depicted allegorical, biblical or historical subjects and lessons in attractive and splendid colors. Furthermore, most of his work is set in a system of classicizing Renaissance architecture. According to history, despite starting as a stone cutter just like father, his interest in painting made him be apprenticed to a painter by the name of Antonio Badile to sharpen his skills in this area. Coincidentally, Veronese came to marry one of Badile’s daughters by the name of Elena (Garton,35). Apart from being influenced Antonio Badile, Veronese is said to have developed a liking for a group of painters such as Domenico Brusasorci, Giambattista Zelotti, and Paolo Farinati who helped him to develop the sound painting skills as well as developing a passion for painting.

Question 4: Context of the artwork concerning the times and culture of the time

The painting was created in a period where The Roman Empire did not regard women equals to men unless they were married in their husband’s control which allowed men to take possessions of all the belongings of their newly wedded wives. The paint shows a picture of a young hunter who has stumbled upon the goddess of the hunt in the name of Siana bathing with her nymphs. Rather than showing respect to their privacy by walking away, the young hunter decides to sit down on the rock and watched the goddess and her nymphs bath. As a consequence of his immoral actions of gazing upon their nudity, the goddess transforms him into a stag, and he is torn apart by his dogs (Krems, 337). The work became the MFA when women began to call for equal rights in the society. Most of them referred to this painting to show that they were human who demanded respect and equality in the society. Therefore, it is safe to state that it became the reference point in the fight for equality in the Roman society.

Question 5: Analysis of the work: subject matter, technique, complete visual analysis

The subject matter of the picture is respect for women’s rights and their privacy in the society. Notably, during the time the painting was created, women in the Roman Empire were only treated as sex objects rather than important people in the society. Besides, based on the quality of the painting it is safe to state that the artist has used oil on canvas to improve the quality of the painting.  According to research, after painting, the artist uses oil canvasses to improve the quality of their work and to improve their imagery by reducing the amount of time taken by the painting to dry. Finally, it is safe to state that the painting has images of eight women who are bathing in a river with their clothes tossed to their right (Serée-Chaussinand, 125). Across them, a young man is lying on a stone watching them take a bath. Next, to the young man there are two dogs are assumed to be his based on the context of the image.

Works Cited

Garton, J. Grace and grandeur: the portraiture of Paolo Veronese. . Harvey Miller., 2008.

Krems, E. B. ” Nymphs Bathing in the King’s Garden: La Granja de San Ildefonso and Caserta. .” The Figure of the Nymph in Early Modern Culture, (2018): 337.

Marzillier, J. “Writing a memoir. .” Psychodynamic Practice, 17(1), (2011): 81-85.

Serée-Chaussinand, C. (2014). ” Actaeon Revisited: Seamus Heaney and Sinéad Morrissey Respond to Titian. .” New Hibernia Review, 18(4), (2014). 119-130.


Response to Jazmine Booth

Response to Jazmine Booth


Assignment 2: Rough Draft Discussion

              . Read at least two of your classmates’ drafts and provide comments and suggestions on how they can improve their papers.

Once a draft has received a review from one of your classmates, try to focus on another paper so that each student receives feedback from at least two other classmates. Particularly, you should address the following areas in the seminar papers: Do the papers exhibit logical consistency?

Do conclusions follow from the data and its analysis? Have gaps in research data been identified and explained? While responding, identify the similarities and differences between what you have constructed and what your classmates have.

Sample paper

Response to Jazmine Booth

Your paper exhibits great logical consistency. There is good flow of ideas, which is characterized by logical connectedness of one idea to another. I have found your introduction particularly enticing. Just by reading the introduction, one can tell a lot about the nature of your paper. The introduction helped me to clearly understand the topic and your general argument of the paper. With regard to gap in existing research, there is lack of sufficient data on whether treatment in prison settings has a significant impact on crime and violence just as you highlight. There are various treatment approaches today in prisons but the rate of recidivism remains high. This indicates the inefficiencies of some of these treatment approaches. Nonetheless, there are a few areas of improvement I would like point out. In feel the conclusion is not strong enough and should be expanded a bit. It should tie everything together and provide strong comments about your findings from the discussion. Another thing to note is that when you provide statistics basing on ‘recent studies’ make sure the sources are less than 5 years old. Overall, the paper looks great.

Response to Nadia Thornton

Great topic you chose to work on. There are many controversies over the efficacy of various rehabilitation programs in reducing recidivism rates. Your paper abstract provides a great overview of the topic in general. This is great as the abstract is surely meant to act as a summary of the paper. There are a few things you can do to improve the logical consistency of your paper. You need to shorten your paragraph length to utmost 150 words per paragraph. This would make it easier to read and understand the arguments in a particular paragraph. You also need to include subheadings throughout the paper. This will help in making the paper more clear, such that the reader can enjoy going through the paper. There also a few issues with APA citations. You should cite the ‘Bureau of Justice Statistics’ as an organization and include the year or publication. It is difficult to tell whether gaps in research were identified because there are no subheadings. You should make your conclusion stronger by summarizing your findings concerning the efficacy of rehabilitation programs in reducing recidivism rates.


Safety and health issues in AMAZON

Alec Sloth & Finding a Voice


Alec Sloth & Finding a voice

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside

WATCH: Photographers in Focus: Alec Soth

Video created and hosted by “Nowness.”


In this video Alex Sloth shares his thoughts about photography. He talks about freezing time, embracing failure, personal expectations and noticing the experiences you have when you photograph. Watch and listen to this video. Identify and comment on 2 thoughts or statements made by Sloth that interest you.


  1. Miles Aldridge & Working with Colour

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside


Photographer’s website


Miles Aldridge identifies as a fashion photographer and fine art photographer. His fine art photographers are self-directed projects while his fashion photography meets the goals of the client. In both cases Aldridge brings his strong interest in colour and an awareness of how to effect the viewer. In this video he describes wanting the view to think the photograph depicts something beautiful but really, it’s something unsettling. Aldridge is motivated by the idea of photographs that are beautiful yet lead to an unsettled feeling. Colour is a key tool in his photographic approach.

Imagine a key goal or quality that could inform your photographs. In your own words speculate what idea or visual quality could motivate your desire to take photographs. What would you like viewers to feel looking at photograph you make. There is no wrong or right answer. You can imagine a goal that might be present now or one you will aspire to in the future.


  1. Arnaud Maggs & Typology

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside

Canadian Photographer Arnaud Maggs (1926-2012) asked strangers and friends if he could photograph their ears. He created these photographs over a number years and was continuing to do so up until the year he dies. Watch Maggs in the year before he dies photographing ears during a visit to market in southern France.


Excerpt from Spring & Arnaud by Site Media Inc. ©2013. Co directed by Marica Connolly and Katherine Knight.


Watch and respond to this question. In your own words describe how Maggs “framed” each ear when he shot. Did he stand close? What orientation was his camera? He did he approach the subject or shoot from far away? As the viewer, what is your impression or response to these photographs. You may respond in point form or sentences.


  1. Gregory Crewdson & staging a scene

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside


Gregory Crewdson uses a storytelling approach to photography. Like a film director, he stages scenes to achieve a purpose. Yet Crewdson is not interested in moving images. He is interested in still images that freeze time. He talks about, “creating a world that feels real and imagined,” where photographs, “feel like a restrictive world.”


While created as a testimonial for Epson printers, this video clearly describes concepts that matter to Crewdson. Choose one of the following ideas:

Tension between interiors and exteriors

Windows as part of a scene

Light drawing the viewer into a scene

Watch the video. Identify and describe a photograph in the film that demonstrates the idea you have  chosen. Describe how the photograph uses either tension in places, windows or light.


Write 75 words

For  more information on Crewdson also watch:

  1. Omar Victor Diop & staging a self portrait

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside

Watch Photographer Spotlight:

In this 6 min film by for the LA Review of Books, Spotlight on Photography Omar Victor Diop talks about his interest in Staged Photography. Notice his use of backdrops and his comments on the cultural significance of fabric.

In his latest project called ,”Project Diaspora,” he creates a series of portraits that explore the representation of Africans in historical records. He describes the photographs he creates not as self portraits but as celebrations of a memory using himself as a prop. He says, “I am lending my flesh to these souls so they can contribute to the current conversation of about the role of Africa and Africans in the globalization. I wanted to bring them back to life and talk about the role of Africans outside of Africa.”

Diop stages each photograph precisely. Each photograph is based on an historical painting but includes a contemporary prop or element and a carefully chosen backdrop. The stills from this project can be found at this website. Choose one of the photographs. Observe the contemporary prop and the background he has chosen or created.

Write 75 words. Describe your opinion or response to Omar Victor Diop’s work.

  1. Richard Misrach & Place & Memory

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside

WATCH Richard Misrach on “Destroy This Memory,” produced by SFMOMA.

Photographer Richard Misrach went to New Orleans immediately after Hurricane Katrina. He carried a point and shoot along with his regular camera. After reviewing his thousands of point and shoot images he recognized that he had gathered a subset of photographs that needed to be complied into a book. The resulting book complied many snapshots he took of messages left on houses, things and places. The messages are a record of human experiences in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrin


Reflect on your own experiences. COVID 19 has brought uncertainty and isolation. Will you photograph in the next 3 months?

Has your approach to photography been altered your experience by COVID 19?

List one quote from Misrach that you identify with or like.

  1. Ken Montague & Contributing

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside

Kenneth Montague is a Toronto Dentist who has dedicated enormous time, energy and resources to promoting Black identify in contemporary art. His impact and contribution has been enormous!

Watch this short video titled, Artland: Kenneth Montague

Play Video

If the above link does not work- link directly to the You Tube video:


Wedge Curatorial Projects is a non-profit organization with a focus on Black identity in contemporary art. Under the directorship of founder Kenneth Montague, Wedge organizes exhibitions and lectures that explore Diasporic narratives, identity and issues of representation. Exhibiting both local and international artists, Wedge is fueled by collaborative creativity and accessibility in the arts.

Dr. Montague is a dentist who supports a broad community of contemporary black photographers by purchasing and displaying their work. He is passionate about art, photography, local artists and sharing art with others.Choose one of these questions and write 75 word.Reflect on how photography has touched your life. Describe one photograph that matters to you. It can be a photograph from your childhood, or one that you created or one that you remember.Reflect and express a personal opinion on Dr. Ken Montague’s contributions.

Sample paper

Alec Sloth & Finding a Voice

In this video, Sloth describes his journey as a photographer. One of the most interesting things that Sloth is that he did his best projects after failing several times. This demonstrates that perfection is a journey in photography. One has to practically fail to be able to learn unique tactics that will help in eliminating mistakes and in making better results. Another interesting thing that sloth noted is that his first great project originated from his desire to want to break free. This means working as a photographer without limitation. This desire made him start capturing extraordinary things that made him discover his ability.

Miles Aldridge &Working with Color

The key goal that would inform my photography is reality. The main idea or visual quality that would motivate my desire to take photographs is the beauty of color in real-life situations. The color should occur naturally without any sense of exaggeration or artificially created illusion. This means capturing beautiful colorful ladies in real-life events like a party where beauty trick is done to fit the real-life event without exaggeration. The beauty that occurs naturally brings with it an extra glance of beauty that shows color harmony. This color harmony and moderation makes a visual image more beautify than when artificially created.

Arnaud Maggs & Typology

Maggs framed each ear in a multiple-grid series of similar photographs resulting in several multiple similar ears in a series of many other different ears. Yes, Maggs stood considerably close to the subject, in a way to receive fine details of the ear. His camera was in a vertical orientation or portrait. He always approached the subject to request their consent in the shot. He always had a conversation with the subject and took their name details after taking the shot. I find his passion for photographing the ear quite interesting. His shots were so clear giving clear details of each photographed ear that demonstrated that each one of them was unique.

Gregory Crewdson & Staging a Scene

The selected idea is tension between interiors and exteriors. The photographer wants to show the integration between beauty and sadness in a picture by creating tension between the inside and the outside. His photos create tension between some sense of stillness and some sense of unease. He shows tension between interior and exterior space by use of a window. In this case, Window is used to show the tension between domestic and wilderness. A picture of a woman gazing through the window to three ice skaters men, showing the intersection between external and internal space.

Omar Victor Diop & Staging a Self Portrait

The selected photograph is among his imagination of Africa in Hollywood. It is a picture of an African lady lying on the green leaves with no clothes by covering her private parts and breast with the green leaves. The picture is beautiful. It shows African beauty, with good capture of Africans skin tone and hair texture. It also demonstrated some sense of African culture. Although nudity may be regarded as western, it is important to note traditionally Africans only focused on covering the most private parts. But the picture gives a clear representation of Africa, though not sure about the contemporary aspect of it.

Richard Misrach & Place & Memory

Yes, I would photograph in the next three months. But I would avoid photographing some traumatic incidences like some we have been seeing in the social media. I will focus more on photographing nature such as sunrise or sunset and flying birds. Pictures play a great role in marking history, however, I do not think I would keep a picture of extreme pandemic effects such as corpse lying on the floor, or mass burial or crowed emergency room. However, I can consider keeping a picture of people standing in a social distancing stand wearing a mask. One of the Misrach quotes is the message was being sent but to” who no one was there “. I pray this may not happen to us, we should be there to take the message after covid19.

Ken Montague & Contributing

The photo that cannot get out of my head is that of African slaved chained together and forced to walk carrying some luggage. I am not sure whether the picture was painted or taken. This picture reminds me of how far we have come from about humanity. This picture makes me appreciate any modern picture of Africans demonstrating freedom and life enjoyment. It also makes me appreciate history. With this picture, I learned a lot about human nature while in power and human suffering when you are powerless. My personal opinion concerning Dr. Ken Montague’s contributions is that Africans have a great heritage. Promoting their heritage makes it easier for others to understand them and respect their culture. I am grand Dr. Montague is doing this with little he has.


Why Diversity in our Schools?

Ansel Adams


Ansel Adam & 18% grey

In this journal assignment you will meet American photographer Ansel Adams and his 8 x 10 view camera. Ansel Adams is a key figure in the history of photography. In 1939-40 Adams and a colleague Fred Acher formulated a system for understanding and achieving 10 steps of grey within a black and white photograph. They called this system, The Zone System. The Zone system required careful measurement of light when you shot a photograph and careful processing of the negative afterward. Their system focused on the idea of achieving detail in highlights or light areas and detail in shadow or dark areas.

While the Zone System may seem dated, it remains a fundamental principle in photography. The Zone system encourages photographers to understand gradations of light through 10 steps in value from Black to white.


Why is this important? We value the Zone system because it underscores the importance of 18% grey in the practice of analog and digital photography. The Zone system attunes photographers to the importance of highlights and shadows. It reminds photographers to seek proper exposure that conveys detail in areas of brightness and shadow.

Did you know that green grass in colour is equivalent in tone to 18% grey in BW!

Adams system requires photographers to understand the concept of middle grey or 18% grey. Light meters judge exposure based on middle grey. In general, the areas of light and dark in a normal scene average out to middle grey. Therefore light meters judge scenes to be equal to middle grey and recommend exposures to achieve middle grey. The concept of middle grey or 18% grey is important in photography because:

light meters judge exposure based on middle grey or 18% grey

generally the areas of lightness and darkness in an average scene average out to middle grey or 18% grey

Middle grey is equivalent to 18% grey and is halfway between black and white. (see zone 5)

WATCH Ansel Adams: Technique & Working Methods (from the Getty collection)

Play Video

Ansel Adams is an American photographer (1902-1984) famous for his black and white landscape photographs and his technical approach to visualizing BW as 10 zones of tonal value. In this 3-minute video Ansel says, “technique is simply a means of bringing about in the print the image as visualized by the artist before they operate their shutter. The justification for technique is being able to do what you want to do.”


Do you agree or disagree that photography is about ideas and technical know how?

If ideas and technical know equal 100. what weight do you assign technical and what weight do you assign ideas? There is no right answer. This question reflects on how you see yourself as a photographer.

Why is middle grey (18% grey) important in photography? Provide at least 1 reason. Hint: 3 reasons are provided in this journal text.

  1. Phillip Lorca DiCorcia & frozen time

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside

WATCH Philip-Lorca DiCorcia – Exposed at Tate Modern

Play Video

“Broadcast from his home in New York, American artist Philip-Lorca DiCorcia confesses how he hunted the subjects of his series Heads currently on display at Tate Modern in Exposed: Voyeurism, Surveillance and the Camera at Tate Modern until 3 October 2010.” Tate Modern


Respond to the following in 75 words:

In Online Classroom 6- lecture, Stephen Shore describes three types of time:

Frozen time: an exposure of short duration cutting across the grain of time, generating a new moment. ( To freeze time select a shutter speed that freezes movement. The shutter speed required will depend on what you are photographing.)

Extrusive time: the movement occurring in front of the camera, or movement of the camera itself, accumulating on the film, producing a blur. ( The bulb or B setting on your camera will allow movement to be captured as blur. Selecting B will keep your shutter open for the duration of time you require.)

Still time: the content is at rest and the time is still. (The bulb or B setting on your camera will capture a scene with no movement at low light by keeping the shutter open for the duration of time you require.)

What quality of time is Lorca DiCorcia capturing in the photographs in the video above?

Describe what quality of time most interests you.


  1. Laura Letinsky & Still Life

Separate groups: VISA1006A_TUTR_12, Chris Ironside

Laura Letinsky is a Canadian born, Chicago based artist who has explored still life and domestic environments throughout her practice. Her evocative, light filled still life are both otherworldly and absolutely recognizable as part of everyday life. Watch this video created by the University of Chicago that shows Letinsky at work in her studio.

Watch Laura Letinsky: Inspiration

Play Video

Letinsky describes how she was originally inspired by 17thcentury Dutch still painting. She describes being intrigued by still life arrangements that reflect both happenstance and planning. She describes the historical connection between still life painting and gender roles. Notice how she is combining 2D materials and 3D life objects to stage odd, surprising and arrangements within illusionist spaces. Notice that she sometimes uses paper to create shadows and suggest space. Letinsky is using a 4 x 5 film camera. She is working with natural light. She builds her still life while looking through the lens and adjusting all the parts. She combines real objects and also cut out piece of magazines, scraps of paper and even her old photographs. She describes being attracted to everyday objects that are residue, traces and things left over from daily life.

Write 75 words

Imagine a still life you might make. Make a list of characteristics and objects that you would like to incorporate in a still life that reflect you as a person. Make a list of at least 6 characteristics, qualities or objects you would like your potential still life to include. Create your own list or answer the following questions to help imagine a still life that you might create. Us your imagination. There is no right answer.

Is your still life full of color or monochrome?

Is your still life full of shadows or bathed in light?

Is your still crowded with objects or full of empty spaces and spread out?

Name an object in your imagined still life.

Does your imagined still life have a main theme?

What do you want your viewer to feel?

Sample paper

Ansel Adams

Yes I do agree that photography is about ideas and technical know-how. The idea gives a photographer something new to try on. The technical know-how gives the photographer the knowledge on how to do things including what to adjust on to be able to implement the new idea. Both technical knowledge and ideas are important in photography. The idea guides the technical skills while the idea cannot occur to a person without any background knowledge of photographs. This means technical knowhow can get a score of 70 while the idea gets a score of 30 as the technical knowhow feeds the new ideas. Middle grey 18% grey is important in photography because light meters judge exposure founded on middle grey or 18% grey.

Philip Lorca

The quality of time in which Lorca DiCorcia capturing in the photographs in the watched video is frozen time. Frozen time is also my favorite quality time. Frozen time is the first form of single-moment capture in a photograph. When time is frozen in a photograph two things happen. One is that movement is taking place inside the camera, in front of the camera or both, and that movement is arrested. In this case, a fluid time-discrete parcel is stopped. Frozen time is employed in any photograph where the importance of the image depends on a moving subject adjourned in time and in a specialty area that includes scientific photography. The degree of frozen time in a photograph is determined by five factors that include magnification or focal length, shutter speed, camera-to-subject distance, speed of motion, and direction of motion (Belt, 2012).

Laura Letinsky

Is your still life full of color or monochrome?

My life is full of color

Is your still life full of shadows or bathed in light?

My life is full of bathed in light, I do not think I live in shadows.

Is your still crowded with objects or full of empty spaces and spread out?

I am kinder full of empty spaces and spread out, this could be one reason that I do not feel the shadows in my life.

Name an object in your imagined still life.

This must be an object in nature. For instance a mountain accompanied by the sky, setting sun, and maybe flying birds among other things that are combined in that imagined image. The red and orange colors of setting sun, blue sky, and some clouds all combined in one image.

Does your imagined still life have the main theme?

The still life main theme is a combination that makes life beautiful and complete

What do you want your viewer to feel?

I want the viewer to feel the beauty of the world and nature.


Belt, A. F. (2012). The elements of photography: understanding and creating sophisticated images. Taylor & Francis.


Why Diversity in our Schools?

Why Diversity in our Schools?

Why Diversity in our Schools?

In 2012, the Florida State Board of Education passed a strategic plan setting goals for students regarding math and reading based upon one’s race. The plan, which was to take effect starting 2018, wants 90% of Asian students, 81% of Hispanics, 88% of white students, and 74% of black students to be reading at or above grade level. Other than race, the plan too measures other groupings, including but not limited to poverty and disabilities (Postal, 2012).

From the onset, I want to state categorically that I am against the plan. I hold the view that all students, their race notwithstanding should be held in the same regard. Black and Hispanic students ought to be held in the same esteem White students are held. Less should not be expected of certain students based on their skin colour or origin. Lowering the expectations of a given group of people has the effect of people internalizing that, and lowering the expectations of the same people in real life. Chances are, the teachers will more often than not treat certain groups of students differently as economics and psychology observe. When teachers job security and resources are tied to the achievement of specific targets, they grow a strong incentive to expend their resources and efforts on individuals from particular races (Pacific Legal Foundation, 2013).

The reason Florida has passed this plan was in an aim to close the gap between the percentage of the white and Asian students scoring at or above grade level on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test as well as the percentage of Hispanic and black students doing so. Whereas Florida State Board of Education thought it was doing this to close the gap between the whites, Hispanics and black students, the truth is, it used the same methods of devaluation in its planning.

I am also convinced that more states will follow the lead by the state of Florida. This is attributable to the flexibility of the states to revise their academic goals under the common No Child Left Behind Act. Many of the states having received federal waivers are now beginning to set different expectations for varied subgroups of students. This is a dramatic shift in educational philosophy and policy from the original laws binding education matters and which deserves more sober noise on. The waiver which was issued by the U.S Department of Education lets states abandon the goal set at 100 percent proficiency in mathematics and reading for all students regardless of race and instead hold schools responsible for passing rates that vary by subgroup-letting schools in the long run post significant gains in closing gaps in achievement. Be it as it may, the new academic goals acknowledge that the 100 percent goal is way unrealistic. But also means another thing, that members belonging to certain races say racial and ethnic minorities, English language learners, and students with disabilities won’t make it to college and be ready for the job market by the end of 2016-17 school year at higher rates in most waiver states (O’connor, 2012). Expect more states to follow suit.


O’connor, J. (2012). Explaining Florida’s New Race-Based Achievement Goals. State Impact Florida.

Pacific Legal Foundation. (2013). Race-based academic goals are both offensive and ineffective.       Liberty Blog.

Postal, L. (2012, October 20). Florida’s Race-based Goals For Students Spark Debate. Huffpost .


Biblical Worldview Essay


The goal of the assignment is to demonstrate that you are able to practice your chosen major/program of study in a manner consistent with a biblical/Christian worldview. For this assignment, you will write a 600–1,000-word essay addressing the following topic:

Foundational to the Christian faith is the belief that mankind is created in the image of God. Explain how this belief affects the way you interact with people within your chosen vocation.


Biblical Worldview Essay


Despite coming from varied and different religious backgrounds, one thing is common, and that is that we believe we are all created by God in his own image and likeness. Particularly, the Christians believe that we are the children of the same Father, God Almighty irrespective of our skin color and races. The knowledge that we are all same and equal in the eyes of the Lord should help us create and develop moral and ethics to enable everyone to have and equal opportunity in life. From Christian teachings, the human being is above all creation and should live with much cohesion and love considering that he has the power to differentiate between bad and good (Goheen, 2008).

Example 1

Considering that human being reflects the image of God, as a human resource manager, I should give all individuals equal opportunities (Genesis 1:26-27). Many are the times that human resource managers are tempted to divide their workforce by their color skin and races. On other occasions, they may practice tribalism and nepotism by hiring individuals from his family and tribe. However, this should not be the case. Everyone should get a chance to compete fairly and justly to get the job in question. On another occasion, the human resources are biased on hiring men over women thus segregating women by their gender. Being created in the image and likeness of God, we all have a right to equal opportunities. I should practice fairness, justice, and equality during the hiring process.

Related: George Washington’s “Farewell Address” 

Example 2

Since humankind is created in the likeness and image of God, as a teacher I should be free and fair to all students (Genesis 5:1-2). Children are innocent and mistreating them by academic ability, background, families or races is ungodly. There is no one single person who chooses to where to be born, to whom, or his color. As a result, as a teacher, I should embrace the diversity in my class and use it as strength to help the weak students rather than making them feels inferior to others. Since I represent God in my vocation, I should lead by example and show my students how to live as one, as children of God my teaching them good morals and ethics.

Example 3

Another vocation that really needs an individual to display his or her acceptance of the teachings that human being is created in the image of God is being a judge (Genesis 2:7). A judge is tasked to ensure that justice is administered to all individuals in a particular area of jurisdiction. Considering that humanity carries the image of God, as a judge, I should ensure that justice and fairness are administered to all who come to court to seek them. To be in a position to observe this, I need to forget about my race or my confrontation I had with the victim on an earlier occasion. I should examine each case independently and leave nothing untouched to ensure the oppressed and victimized in the society have a chance to smile again after getting justice.


In conclusion, we can say that irrespective of our occupations and vocations in the society and country as large, we all need to remember that we all represent God in all we do. We may be tempted to bend the rules to fulfill our desires and interests, but this would definitely jeopardize other people’s chances of fairness, justice, occupation and life. It is always good to put ourselves in situation and shoes of the other person and try to feel their pain and the situation they are going through (Wallace, 2007). By observing this golden principle, the world can become like a village full of love, and we can live as children of the same father.


Goheen, M. W. (2008). Living at the crossroads: An introduction to Christian worldview. . Baker Academic.

Wallace, J. R. (2007). Servant leadership: A worldview perspective. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 2(2),, 114-132.

Related: Civil rights-Worldview Analysis Essay

Becoming an Informed Voter – Researching Your Congressional Delegation

Becoming an Informed Voter – Researching Your Congressional Delegation

Recent Political history of Kentucky

Kentucky is a Jeffersonian commonwealth, and was originally part of the state of Virginia. In 1782, Kentucky became an independent state from Virginia after a split (Barone, 2013). Kentucky’s 3rd Congressional District is the largest of Jefferson’s county. The district’s current representative is John Yarmuth, who won the seat on a democratic vote. John Yarmuth was first elected in Kentucky’s 3rd Congressional District in 2006. In 2014, he was reelected back to the U.S. House on a democratic ticket, defeating other competitors such as Michael Macfarlane on a republican ticket, and Greg Puccetti, an independent candidate. In 2012, John Yarmuth defeated Brooks Wicker who vied on a republican ticket. Kentucky’s 3rd Congressional District is inclined towards the Democratic Party. John Yarmuth is an average Democratic member – as such, most of his votes in parliament reflect the wishes of the Democratic Party members. Yarmuth has served on a number of committees including the Budget Committee and the Energy & Commerce Committee.

The state of Kentucky is largely Republican, especially in the choice or support of presidential candidates. Kentucky has two appointed senators in the U.S. Senate and six representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives. The longest serving senator is Mitch McConnell, having clinched the seat in 1984 through a majority win (Barone, 2013). Rand Paul serves as the junior senator after his election in 2011. Both of Kentucky’s senators support the Republican Party. The Republican influence in Kentucky is mainly due to Senator Mitch McConnell’s efforts. Since his election, McConnell has been particularly influential by helping Republican candidates win elections. In 1998, McConnell provided major support for Jim Bunnings to capture a senate seat in Kentucky (Barone, 2013). After showing weaknesses, McConnell also devised an exit strategy for Bunnings in 2010 since it looked clear that he would not recapture the seat.

How representatives and senators voted in the recent presidential and congressional elections

In the recent presidential elections held in 2012, Mitch McConnell declared his support for Mitt Romney who was vying for the U.S. presidential seat on a Republican ticket. Mitt Romney contested against Barrack Obama, who vied on a Democratic ticket. Mitt Romney lost the elections. Junior senator Rand Paul also declared his support for Republican Party flag bearer, Mitt Romney, while sidelining Democratic Obama in the 2012 presidential elections (Howley, 2013). Kentucky’s representatives include Ed Whitfield (1st District), Brett Guthrie (2nd District), John Yarmuth (3rd District), Thomas Massie (4th District), Harold Rogers (5th District), and Garland Barr (6th District) (Kentucky, 2016). Whitfield, Guthrie, Massie, Rogers and Barr are all Republicans, while Yarmuth is a Democrat as earlier mentioned. In the 2012 presidential bid, Yarmuth endorsed President Barrack Obama, a fellow democrat. The other representatives supported the Republican’s flag bearer Mitt Romney.

In the recent congressional elections held in 2014, Sen. Rand Paul endorsed Mitch McConnell for the senate seat. Speculations were rife that Rand Paul would endorse a tea party challenge candidate (Howley, 2013). His endorsement of the long-running senator cleared the air. Mitch McConnell also supported the junior senator for his election bid in the 2014 congressional elections. Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul endorsed Michael Macfarlane for the 3rd District House of Representatives election bid which he lost to Yarmuth. The U.S. House of Representatives members, Whitfield, Guthrie, Massie, Rogers, and Barr endorsed Republican candidate Rand Paul for junior senatorial position and the incumbent Senator Mitch McConnell. It is clear that majority of the House members endorse candidates based on their party affiliations.

Kentucky’s Political Party Affiliations

Kentucky is leaning more towards the Republican side. During the 2012 presidential elections, 61% of Kentucky residents voted for Mitt Romney, the then Republican candidate. Only 38% of the residents voted for Barack Obama who was vying on a Democratic ticket (Barone, 2013).  In the last five decades, Kentucky was strongly Democratic, a position evident through mainly voting for Democratic candidates. However, in the recent past, Kentucky has leaned more towards the Republican Party. In the last four presidential bids, Kentucky has shown strong liking for the Republican Party, by voting in great numbers for Republican candidates. Currently, there are five Republican members in the U.S. House of Representatives, and only a single Democratic Party member. This represents a strong inclination towards the Republican Party. In the 2008 Democratic Primary, the current President Barack Obama lost to Hillary Clinton, reflecting the residents’ strong support for Republicans. Currently, it would be advisable to anyone vying for any electoral position to do so on a Republican Party ticket.

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In the recent period, the Republican Party has dominated most electoral positions at the grassroots. To start with, its senators are from the Republican Party. These are Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul. Secondly, majority of the United States House of Representatives members are Republican (Stolberg & Blinder, 2015). There are five Republican members and only one from who is from the Democratic Party. A few independent candidates have successfully vied and won in any of the electoral positions in Kentucky. A Republican, Matt Bevin, also holds the gubernatorial seat. Democratic candidates have traditionally won the gubernatorial seat in Kentucky. In the last five decades or so, Kentucky has predominantly voted Democratic Party governors. In 2003, a Republican governor won the seat, serving up to 2007 when Steven L. Beshear replaced him on a Democratic Party ticket. Matt Bevin’s win on a Republican ticket reflects the strong influence of the Republican Party, and its dominance in the region. According to Stolberg & Blinder (2015), the political climate in Kentucky is “ripe for a Republican”.

Kentucky’s 3rd District had a long tradition of supporting the Democratic Party. According to Benen (2016), Democrats have controlled Kentucky’s State House of representatives since the early 1920s. Currently, the Democrats dominate the Kentucky’s legislative chamber in the South. In the recent past, the Republic Party has gained increasing support. From 2008, the House has had more Republicans compared to the Democrats. In 2008, Republicans held four seats while the Democrats managed to capture two seats. In 2010 House, the Republicans were again four while the Democrats were two. The year 2012 represents the most significant change with five seats for the Republicans and one seat for the Democrats. Kentucky’s 3rd District showed its strong support for the Democratic Party by voting John Yarmuth. Yarmuth has won the last four elections on a Democratic ticket. The last Republican representative was Anne Northup who held the position between 2004 and 2005.

Mitch McConnell is the current Kentucky’s senator. He clenched the seat back in 1985. Born in 1942 in Alabama, he attended University of Louisville for his higher education and graduating with B.A. degree in history. In 1969, he joined the University of Kentucky College where he studied law. McConnell began his career as Senator John Cooper’s intern in 1964. His stay with Coopers gave him the inspiration he needed to view for the senate seat. He also worked as an assistant to Marlow Cook, who became a senator in the 1970s. He also worked for Gerald Ford and Antonin Scalia. In 1974 to 1975, McConnell worked as the Deputy United States Attorney for Legislative Affairs. In 1979, McConnell became Jefferson County’s Judge-Executive, a position he held until 1985 when he vied and won the U.S. Senate. McConnell won the U.S. Senate against a two-time incumbent, Huddleston Walter.

John Yarmuth became Kentucky’s 3rd Congressional District representative in 2007. He holds a bachelor’s degree in American Studies, having graduated from Yale University. Between 1971 and 1975, Yarmuth worked as an assistant to Marlow Cool who was a U.S. Senator by then. In 1976, he began his own publishing platform by launching the Louisville Today Magazine. From 1982, he worked as a vice president at the University of Louisville. In 1990, Yarmuth launched the Louisville Eccentric Observer, a local political newspaper for which he was also a columnist. In 2007, Yarmuth took office as Kentucky’s 3rd Congressional District representative in the U.S. House of Representatives. Over the recent election period, Yarmuth has been able to maintain his seat by winning the subsequent elections.

In 2010, Mitch McConnell received a 96 percent rating from the American Conservative Union (ACU). The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) rated the senator at 25 percent in 2015 (Vote Smart, 2016). The Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) gave a 0 percent rating to the senator. The senator received a 100 percent rating from the Family Research Council (Vote Smart, 2016). Overall, Senator Mitch McConnell received low ratings from a number of quarters. His low ratings could be an indicator that the senator has become unpopular in the region. According to the Morning Consult (2015) poll, Senator Mitch McConnell received the highest disapproval rating, gaining 49 percent disapproval rate among the Kentucky voters. Only 40 percent of Kentucky residents gave a positive approval on his job performance (Morning Consult, 2015).

John Yarmuth received a 4 percent rating from the American Conservative Union. This was a low rating from ACU. From the American Civil Liberties Union, he received a 90 percent, which was a good rating. He received a 90 percent score from the Americans for Democratic Action ratings. The Family Research Council gave him a 0 percent rating. John Yarmuth did not have any CC rating. John Yarmuth’s overall ratings seem to be high. Other bodies have given favorable ratings to the U.S. House Representative, meaning he is popular among Kentucky’s 3rd Congressional District residents. Yarmuth has higher chances of winning a reelection compared to McConnel, even though they are not vying for the same seat. Based on these ratings, I would classify Mitch McConnell as conservative. His stance and strict adherence to policies have made him unfavorable with most of the rating organizations. On the other hand, John Yarmuth is liberal. He is liberal because most of his opinions tend to favor civil liberties and social justice in the U.S.


Barone, M. (2013). The almanac of American politics 2014. Chicago, IL: The University of         Chicago Press.

Howley, P. (2013, March 27). Rand Paul endorses Mitch McConnell in 2014 Senate race. The     Daily Caller.

Kentucky. (2016). Representatives. Retrieved from

Morning Consult. (2015). The most (and least) popular senators in America. Retrieved   

Stolberg, S. G., & Blinder, A. (2015 Nov. 3). Matt Bevin, Republican, wins governor’s race in     Kentucky. The New York Times.

Vote Smart. (2016). Mitch McConnell’s Ratings and Endorsements. Retrieved from   


How goegraphy affect my daily life

Separation Of Church And State Comparison Paper


For this assignment, you will read the U.S. Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, and Thomas Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptists in 1802. Once you have read these founding documents and Jefferson’s letter, you will write a 2–3-page paper (double-spaced, 1-inch margins) in current APA format, comparing each of them. When comparing the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence, pay particular attention to the themes apparent in both documents and comment on which document came first and why that is important.

You must also answer the question, “What do you think the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution thought about the separation of church and state or about the separation of God from government?” (Note: these are not the same thing.)

Be sure to incorporate a biblical worldview in your paper.

Sample paper

Separation Of Church And State

The U.S. Constitution is a fundamental document that outlines the supreme law of the land. In other words, the Constitution forms the basis or foundation of the United States government. The Declaration of Independence is simply a document which contains a statement declaring a total of 13 colonies as free from the British rule or influence. Thomas Jefferson’s letter to the Danbury contain the elements of law involving the state and religion. The letter comprises of Jefferson’s sentiments as to the reason why separation of state and religion occurred. This paper compares the above three founding documents in more detail.

As earlier mentioned, the U.S. Constitution comprise of a set of fundamental laws and is also the foundation of the United States government (Randolph, 2003). The Constitution outlines the basic framework for the U.S. government. The first section highlights issues relating to separation of powers whereby the federal government is structured into three branches: the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary. These provide guidelines on the operations of the federal government. The Constitution enshrines the basic or fundamental rights for every individual in the U.S. The U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence address key political concerns in the United States. These documents lay the foundation for the initial principles of political establishments in the U.S. Both of these documents assert the basic freedoms of the U.S. citizens. For instance, they give individuals the right to life, personal liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

The Declaration of Independence is a statement that declares the thirteen colonies as independent and sovereign states free from British rule. The thirteen colonies merged to become the United States of America. This document enshrined legal and natural rights among the U.S. citizens. The document also asserted to the right of revolution among individuals. The Declaration of Independence asserts that if the government fails to protect the rights of the citizens, then it may be termed as illegitimate. The U.S. Constitution enables the government to safeguard the citizen’s rights. Thomas Jefferson’s letter to the Danbury in 1802 assert the need for separation between state and religion in the U.S. (“Library of Congress,” 1998). The letter is important since it helps to explain clearly the relationship between the state and religion. The U.S. constitution does not in any way prohibit citizens from exercising their religious rights or duties. Additionally, the Constitution does not recognize or identify with any particular religion, making it autonomous. The letter explains the need for the state to gain autonomy from religious influence.

The Declaration of Independence was adopted in 1776 while the U.S. Constitution was signed into law over a decade later in 1787. The Declaration of Independence came first since it was critical that the thirteen colonies became emancipated from the British rule first before they developed the Constitution. The Declaration of Independence gave the colonies the liberty to establish their own policies and laws unlike when they were under the British rule. The Declaration of Independence reduced British influence from the colonies and thus enabled them to establish their own laws without the influence of a third party. These laws reflected the specific needs, cultures, values, and beliefs of the U.S. citizens.


Declaration of Independence: A transcription. Retrieved from   

Library of Congress. (1998). Jefferson’s letter to the Danbury Baptists. Retrieved from   

Randolph, J. (2003). What is the U.S. Constitution? New York: Rosen Pub. Group.


Consider the effects of colonization on the global economy today. Describe its impact on trading practices and patterns. How does it affect local cultures worldwide