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Outline the arguments for and against the policy of multiculturalism



  1. How should Canadians respond to the environmental challenges we are facing? Develop an argument for or against a policy that would restrict our capacity to be the most active and dangerous agents of environmental change.
  2. Why is Canada a “troublesome” country to govern? What role does geography play in this?
  3. Is it possible to have “one country, two visions”? How should the question of Québec’s place

in Confederation be resolved?  Describe the future geography of Canada based on your

resolution of the Québec issue.

  1. Outline the arguments for and against the policy of multiculturalism. What are the advantages

and disadvantages of officially promoting multiculturalism?

  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Canadian economy being so intricately tied

to the American economy? Develop an argument for or against the view that Canada should

take steps to decrease its reliance on the American economy.

  1. Outline the arguments for and against a policy that would encourage greater diversification of

Ontario’s secondary sector such that it would be less dependent on the automobile industry.


There is a lot to talk about multiculturalism in recent years. Often, when it comes to diversity in the society, multiculturalism has been popular among the people. However, due to this diversity, different individuals have different views, feelings, and perspective towards a similar subject or object. Multiculturalism is a controversial subject in most countries around the world, especially in Canada.  Multiculturalism refers to the co-existence of diverse cultures, where various aspects of society such as racial, religious or cultural difference manifest in customary behavior and cultural assumptions as well as values. Notably, recent research reveals that different people have taken a different stand when it comes to multiculturalism. There are those who feel is negative, whereas others think that it is positive and make a significant difference in a particular community and society at large (Shohat, 2014). Multiculturalism in Canada represents the sense of equal celebration of racial, religious and cultural background. This essay will attempt to identify as well as elaborate on various points for and against multiculturalism.

One positive that can be drawn from multiculturalism is cultural awareness. Considering that multiculturalism is the interaction of two or more cultures in the same region, there is a high chance that it will promote cultural awareness. Cultural awareness presents the foundation of communication and widely involves the ability to stand back from our cultures and become aware of our cultural values, beliefs, and perceptions. After familiarizing ourselves width our own culture, cultural awareness helps individuals to learn to appreciate as well as respect cultural beliefs, values, and perspective of other community. Considering those different communities, races and religions have different ways of doing things; there is the risk of obtaining varied results (Modood, 2013). With cultural awareness, individual are in a position to understand why there is a variation in the result, why people behave differently and why people fall for various things and create and develop techniques and methods of living together. Besides, cultural awareness becomes the central topic and point when individuals from different cultures and background have to find a common way of living together as well as doing things together. Thus, cultural awareness helps to minimize the chances of arguments, conflicts, and fights as there is a common understanding among the people.

On the other hand, multiculturalism is known to heighten the gap between the minority and the majority in the society especially with the introduction of reservations for the minority and the disadvantaged in the society.

Source: Multicultural Literature Statistics (2014)

Considering that multiculturalism is meant to bring equality in all aspects of life ranging from employment in positions in authority for the disadvantaged in the form gender, race, and the physically challenged individuals. To ensure that this equality is observed, individuals may decide to give special privileges to these individuals as well as reserve some positions for them to occupy. Although these reservations are meant to bring equality in the society, it hinders fairness of all policies and activities in the society. Such arrangements are likely to anger the majority in the society as they may feel that there should be a fair competition for all positions and the most qualified individuals to occupy the positions rather than reserving them for certain groups in the community (Rhoads, 2016). Reserving positions or giving privileges to certain people may make others feel quite left out and tend to drive home the notion that their contributions are less appreciated thus undermining the unity and integration of various communities with a varied background.

Multiculturalism can bring economic benefits to the society if well and fully utilized. Multiculturalism helps to gather the efforts of everyone in the society, ranging from the minority to the majority as well as the less disadvantaged and puts them into the labor market and creating diversity in the way. The minority in the society is famous in participating in different business sectors such as transportation, communication, and banking as well as participating in niche markets as they rise and fall with demand.

Source: Economic Aspect of Multiculturalism (2010)

These small sectors act as an aid to trade and can widely help in achieving economic goals of any country as the minority in the society participates in economic development as well as raising the standards of living of the members of the community (Prato, 2016). Moreover, with government support through the provision of programs, education, and training to the minority to ensure equality to all individuals as well as expanding the labor market through the encouragement of investment in the private sector. Statistics show that the minority in the society who are the common participants of small and medium sectors creates more employment opportunities in a country, and the process increases the productivity of a country and the products available for trade. With an increase in these products, there is an increase in trade of the country which in turn brings economic benefits to a country in general.

Another disadvantage of multiculturalism is that it leads to erosion of the culture of both the original inhabitants of a region and the newcomers or rather the immigrants. As we all know, different cultures have different ways of doing things, values, beliefs, and language. However, width integration of various communities, there is the risk of these communities losing their identities. When people of different background and culture live together, they have to find a new way that best suits their existence together to reduce if not eliminate variations in their ways of living. In the process, both individuals lose their cultural identity, to create a new identity that marries both traditional cultures, and this may lead to erosion of the original culture. The adoption and adaptation of various cultures of the world are not easy as it forces an individual to leave his old ways for new ways (Lücke, 2014). For example, in the case of languages, each community has its own native language that is widely used by the members of that particular community, but integration with other communities forces these individuals to formulate another new language that will enable them to communicate without challenges.

Another advantage that is drawn from multiculturalism is social benefits, especially in institutions. With the increase in a number of immigrants in various institutions, the syllabus has widely changed to accommodate all the communities and their cultural backgrounds. Education institutions present a common platform where students and the population in general interact and the governments have made an effort to offer a wide range of programs that suits the needs of all individuals ranging minority to the majority. Moreover, through these programs the government can provide a welcome environment ` for individuals with different ethnic background. Statistics show that the minority occupies one-fifth of the world’s population is spread across the globe, and their contribution in the social set up in the regions they live defines the kind of life in those regions (Pitcher, 2015). Thus, multiculturalism brings a new social perspective in any society that enhances their lives.  Besides, multiculturalism helps to complement people’s weaknesses and strengths considering that we all have different weaknesses and strengths. If well used, it can help in strengthening our strong hold while improving our weaknesses.

It is worth noting that multiculturalism has widely encouraged the sense of mutual acceptance and integration into the society. With a diverse population, a country or a region can boost a pool of talents considering different groups of individuals have different abilities and talents.

 Source: Canadian Multiculturalism Act (2016)

Psychologists believe that sports talents are hereditary and can be transferred from the parent to the child and are associated with certain communities in various parts of the country. Thus, by supporting multiculturalism the government and the society are in a position to have a pool of sporting talents and when such individuals win the international competition, it brings pride to the country (Lücke, 2014). Some races are known to possess physical traits that make them more suitable for certain sports thus; a country with a diverse racial mix will have an advantage in those sports. On the same, multiculturalism can help in bringing up a new culture and race in the society as a result of intermarriages.

One of the most notable disadvantages of multiculturalism is discrimination of part of the population in the society. Discrimination involves the treatment or consideration of or making a distinction for or against, a person based on the group or class. Thus, having a mixture of cultures in a society opens up a channel for some individuals to discriminate others on various grounds. A diverse population presents increased potential and risk for discrimination. Naturally, if people with different backgrounds and perspectives and distinguishing traits are put in the same region persons with prejudice could use them against others.  Usually, the majority tends to take advantage of their numbers to victimize the minority as well as limit their freedom in all their activities (Rhoads, 2016). Moreover, multiculturalism increases the possibility of the less unfortunate in the society to fall, victims of the wealthy and other government officers, when trying to access government and public facilities. The government has sole responsibility to create and develop policies and laws that limits if not eliminating chances of discrimination of one group of the population by another.

In conclusion, after a detailed research, we can conclude that multiculturalism has drawn mixed feelings and opinion from various sectors and regions in the world. Depending on the perspective of the population in a country or a state, multiculturalism can either yield positive results or negative results. It is upon the members of the society to develop a positive attitude and perspective towards multiculturalism to enjoy its fruits as well as improve their unity and integration. If well utilized, it can do more good than harm as every person is given an opportunity and freedom to do what he knows best in any part of the country and thus promoting patriotism (Pitcher, 2015). Notably, for multiculturalism to have greater and positive impacts, it requires the collective efforts from all areas and levels of the community and cannot be left in the hands of a certain group in the society.


Lücke, G. K. (2014). Multiculturalism from a cognitive perspective: Patterns and implications. .              Journal of International Business Studies, 45(2), , 169-190.

Modood, T. (2013). Multiculturalism. . John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Pitcher, B. (2015). The politics of multiculturalism: race and racism in contemporary Britain.

Prato, G. B. (2016). Beyond multiculturalism: views from anthropology. Routledge.

Rhoads, R. A. (2016). Democracy, multiculturalism, and the community college: A critical                       perspective. Routledge.

Shohat, E. &. (2014). Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the media. Routledge.














Building a Positive Environmental Legacy of Gamescape

Building a Positive Environmental Legacy of Gamescape

Building a Positive Environmental Legacy” of Gamescape

Resource: Gamescape Episode 5

Complete Episode 5: “Building a Positive Environmental Legacy” of Gamescape.

Answer the following questions. Each response should be one to three sentences in length.

Describe how you would balance the needs of Sparksville’s environment and economy. Explain your reasoning.
Based on your experience of 25 years in Sparksville and this course, what do you consider to be the key principles required to reach sustainability?



Gamescape Summary

Balancing the needs of Sparville’s environment and the economy

This requires exploitation of clean and renewable sources of energy which have low carbon footprint. The transition to clean and renewable sources of energy will provide the energy required to sustain economic growth and also reduce environmental pollution.

What do you consider to be the key principles to reach sustainability?

The key principles required to reach sustainability are use of clean and renewable energy sources, sustainable manufacturing (recycling waste and efficiency in production), and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Related Papers:

  1.   Controlling Energy Systems of Gamescape 
  2. Maintaining Terrestrial and Atmospheric Resources of Gamescape
  3. Managing Population Growth of Gamescape
Controlling Energy Systems of Gamescape

Controlling Energy Systems of Gamescape

Controlling Energy Systems of Gamescape

Resources: Gamescape Episode 4 and Ch. 15-18 of Visualizing Environmental Science.

Imagine that you are preparing a 200- to 500-word letter for a time capsule for your great-great grandchildren, which explains the long-term energy sustainability plan that you developed in Episode 4 of Gamescape.

Include the following points:

Briefly describe the nation’s current energy situation, reliance on oil, and renewable energy sources available. Discuss some challenges that our nation faces with managing our energy resources and how these challenges have affected you personally.
Describe the sustainability plan you developed in Episode 4 of Gamescape. Identify two strengths and two weaknesses in this plan. How can you address these weaknesses?
Present three ways in which you hope our nation will educate people on renewable resources and wisely managing our fossil fuel supply.
Close with one key message that you want your great-great grandchildren to understand about how our current society has managed energy sources and their environmental



Impacts of an Energy Resource Plan

The country’s energy situation is not yet at the critical level. However, the U.S. continues to rely heavily on fossil fuels as the major source of energy. Reliance on fossil fuels may have negative outcomes on the economy since the fossil fuels are in limited supply, contribute to global warming, and are susceptible to price fluctuations. The available renewable sources of energy are yet to be fully exploited. According to Lior (2008), renewable sources of energy account for about three percent of the entire amount of energy used. Common renewable energy sources in use today include hydroelectric power, solar energy, wind energy, geothermal and biomass energy.

The nation faces a number of challenges in management of energy resources. The U.S. is currently facing the challenge of price volatility in oil markets. The U.S. depends heavily on fossil fuels which are susceptible to price fluctuation. The price of oil has gone up driving costs of most products high, including transport costs. Another challenge in management of energy sources is the issue of environmental pollution which has taken centre stage in recent days. Environmental pollution has resulted in climate change which is evident in some states such as California which have faced prolonged drought (McKinney, Schoch, & Yonavjak, 2012).

Related Paper: Maintaining Terrestrial and Atmospheric Resources of Gamescape

The energy sustainability plan will focus on promoting use of renewable energy, promoting alternative and cleaner sources of energy and reducing the carbon footprint. The major strength of this plan is that it can significantly help in combating climate change. Another benefit is that the plan utilizes renewable energy sources which cannot be depleted. The major weakness is high cost of implementation of the plan. Another weakness is that renewable sources of energy may not fill the huge and growing demand of energy in the world. This challenge can be overcome by using clean energy sources such as nuclear energy to fill the energy gap.

The nation can educate people to use renewable sources of energy such as solar power at homes so as to minimize dependence on fossil fuels. Solar can be used for water heating and lighting at homes. People should also be educated on building energy efficient buildings or green-houses. Lastly, the nation should educate people on adopting energy saving measures. The current society has overused fossil fuel resources a situation that has led to environmental degradation and climate change.

Related Paper: Managing Population Growth of Gamescape.



Lior, N. (2008). Energy resources and use: The present situation and possible paths to the future.             ScienceDirect. Retrieved from

McKinney, M. L., Schoch, R. M., & Yonavjak, L. (2012). Environmental science: Systems and    solutions. Boston: Jones and Barlett Publishers.

Maintaining Terrestrial and Atmospheric Resources of Gamescape.

Maintaining Terrestrial and Atmospheric Resources of Gamescape

Maintaining Terrestrial and Atmospheric Resources of Gamescape.

Complete Episode 3:
Resource: Gamescape Episode 3 and Ch. 8-11 in Visualizing Environmental Science.

As Newly elected Mayor of Sparksville, the town’s citizens are eager to hear what you plan on doing to promote the local economy while maintaining a high level of environmental air quality.

Write a 350- to -word speech for a Town Hall Meeting that addresses the following points:

State the current economic situation and the three choices that were available to the town of Sparksville.
Discuss how these three choices would impact water pollution and indoor and outdoor air pollution. Explain how each of the three choices could be a point and non-source of water and air pollution.
Describe how the air and water pollution generated from these sources can impact the health of Sparksville’s citizens, the local ecosystem, and the local economy. Include some potential solutions.
Explain why your decision addresses the key environmental challenges and is the optimal choice given this situation.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.


Maintaining Terrestrial and Atmospheric Resources

As the new Mayor of Sparksville, it is an honor for me to discuss with you the current economic situation in Sparksville and my plans to promote the local economy while ensuring environmental pollution does not occur. As you are all aware, one of our major industries has shut down operations following bankruptcy. This town is in need of investment which can spur growth in the long run. There is need to revive the manufacturing sector in this town which have the capacity to generate thousands of jobs. The manufacturing sector is the pillar of all developed economies and major towns not only in the U.S. but across the world. In this town, we are looking at possibly investing in three sectors which will spur growth: oil refinery, furniture industry and a vehicle manufacturing.

Impact on water resources and indoor and outdoor air pollution

Each of these sectors may have dire consequences to our water resources and the quality of air if not properly managed.  The oil refining industry produces effluents and emissions that can potentially damage our water resources and the quality of air. Oil refining consumes large quantities of water, and releases the same but as wastewater. This wastewater comprises of aerosols, solid wastes and other chemicals which can potentially damage our water resources, both underground and on the surface. Oil refineries also produce hazardous gases such as carbon dioxide which is an air pollutant (Singh, 2003).

In order to mitigate these negative effects, the oil refinery will adopt suitable preventive measures. For instance, wastewaters will be treated appropriately before being discharged into rivers. Harmful gases such as carbon dioxide will be filtered at the chimneys using methods such as scrubbing, bag filters and cyclones.

Related Paper: Managing Population Growth of Gamescape

Vehicle manufacturing also produces wastes and emissions which can be harmful to our water and air resources. According to Clark and Berners-Lee (2010), the entire process of producing a single car from mining to assembly produces about 17 tons of carbon dioxide. Vehicle manufacturing also causes VOC emissions which may be toxic and may lead to health complications. Waste materials from vehicle manufacturing disposed carelessly in landfills close to water sources may contaminate the water resources. To overcome the challenge of waste in landfills, the manufacturing plant will embrace recycling to keep the wastes low. Carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced through research and development to come up with new and more fuel efficient technologies.

The furniture industry has minimal direct impact on air and water resources. The furniture industry consumes minimal water compared to oil refining and vehicle manufacturing. In addition, there are no emissions which may impact the environment in a negative way. Nonetheless, the furniture industry calls for careful management of our ecosystem especially the forests. This will be achieved through proper tree harvesting practices and replanting of trees.

Air pollution from carbon dioxide gas causes acid rain which alters the pH of water bodies. As acidity increases in the water bodies, marine life is negatively impacted. This reduces the variety of species found in the water bodies. Carbon dioxide is also attributed to depletion of ozone layer, exposing humans to harmful radiation from the sun. This may lead to skin cancer. In addition, it is attributed to global warming and climate change. Release of pollutants in the water may adversely affect the health of individuals using the water by causing diseases (Singh, 2003).

My decisions in addressing these environmental issues are based on the most recent available research in tackling environmental pollution. They are in accordance with the federal as well as the environmental laws guiding management of waste and waste products.


Berners-Lee, M., & Clark, D. (2010, Sept. 23). What’s the carbon footprint of a new car? theguardian. Retrieved from      blog/2010/sep/23/carbon-footprint-new-car

International Conference on Water and Environment, Singh, V. P., International Conference on   Water and Environment, & WE-2003. (2003). Ground water pollution. New Delhi:    Allied Publ.



 Managing Population Growth of Gamescape.

 Managing Population Growth of Gamescape

 Managing Population Growth of Gamescape.

Resources: Gamescape Episode 2 and Ch. 4 and 7 of Visualizing Environmental Science

As president of the City Council, you have been invited by the Mayor to give a PowerPoint® presentation to Sparksville High School.

Develop a 7- to 10-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with speaker notes that explains the prairie dog land management issue. Include the following points:
Discuss some of the challenges of urbanization and environmental benefits. Explain how the prairie dog land management issues are related to the challenges of urbanization.
Explain the factors that influence population growth using prairie dogs as an example to illustrate your points. Briefly review how the natural environment is needed to support cities. Use the ecological role of prairie dogs and their benefit to land management and the city of Sparksville as an example.
Describe the different policies that the city explored to manage prairie dog population growth, and discuss how these policies are rooted in environmental science and population dynamics.
Discuss the final management decision, and explain how it balanced urban development with environmental sustainability. Include major challenges you faced in addressing this issue and reaching an optimal solution. Among the challenges, discuss how environmental hazards affect human population and if this impacted the decision with urban development.

Human Population and the Environment

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