Pretrial Procedures, warrants, probable cause

Question Assume a law enforcement officer has probable cause to arrest a defendant for armed assault, and he also has probable cause to believe that the person is hiding in a third person's garage, which is attached to the house. What warrants, if any, does the officer need to enter the garage to arrest the defendant? What if the officer is in hot pursuit of the defendant? What if the defendant is known to be injured and unarmed? Provide evidence to support your answer. Formulate a set of circumstances in which there is probable cause to search but not probable cause to arrest or in which there is probable cause to both arrest and to search. Mr. A walks into a police station, drops three wristwatches on a table, and tells an officer that Mr. B robbed a local jewelry store 2 weeks ago. Mr. A will not say anything else in response to police questioning. A quick investigation reveals that...
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History of Court Systems

History of Court Systems Voluminous research regarding the role of nature and nurture in influencing offender characteristics exist today. Much of this research attempts to shed light on the influence of nature or nurture in determining criminal behavior. Earliest studies on the subject are Jukes family study and Kallikak family study. The study findings indicate a positive correlation between criminal behavior and family background. However still, some proponents point out to the environment/nurture as the key determinant of criminal behavior on both studies. This may be an indication that both nature and nurture plays critical role in shaping behavior of individuals. Nonetheless, some studies assert that nurture has a strong role in influencing an individual’s behavior. This paper examines the nature/nurture controversy with regard to characteristics of offenders. The Jukes family study is among various studies that provides insights into the nature/nurture controversy. Elisha Harris conducted initial investigations into the Jukes family to establish the nature of offender characteristics. He noted that...
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Alternatives to Incarceration

Question You have graduated from the Online Campus, and now you are working for Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) within the long-term planning department of private prisons. As a Private Prison Design Specialist, you have the authority to conceptualize future prisons around the prison issues of today and tomorrow, so your supervisor has turned to you to discuss some issues in a paper of 2–3 pages to be submitted for review. You have a reputation for thinking outside of the box while being realistic and because of this, your supervisor feels you can properly address alternatives to incarceration. Now you are to make the changes, as outlined below, based upon today’s resources and prison systems. Prisons are overloaded with inmates who are incarcerated for drug offenses. What is an alternative to incarcerating them? Describe how you would handle this type of problem without incarceration, and give reasons supporting why your solution would be more cost-effective and prone to rehabilitation. Sample paper Alternatives to Incarceration Introduction As...
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Introduction to American Court System

Introduction to American Court System Jones, February 6, 2005, cocaine possession was his third drug offense. Under state and federal law there exists a rule called the three-strikes law, the law varies greatly from state to state with 28 states in the country that carry out the three-strikes laws (Walsh, 2007). The imposition of the three-strike law is to ensure that repeat offenders are continuously imprisoned. The law in Texas allows for the application of the three-strike law. I am of the opinion that in the case of Jones where he is a third offender he should be convicted under state law. In Kansas, felonies are defined as crimes that can be prosecuted by a state term of a year or more. Proceeding with the case under state law will mean that the offender will receive mandatory sentencing. For a third strike offense of drug possession in Kansas, the mandatory sentencing is up to 42 months incarceration. Possession of marijuana as a...
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Explain difference between the following court systems  and their role in government ;

Question Explain difference between the following court systems  and their role in government ;Criminal,Civil,Trial,Appeals,Courts of last resort,Courts of general jurisdiction,Courts of specific jurisdiction Sample paper Court systems Every country in the world has an arm of the government that is usually known as the judiciary. This arm of the government has the duties and responsibilities of interpreting the laws made by the legislature to ensure there are justice and fairness in that particular country. The court's system in most if not all countries in the globe interpret and applies the law on behalf of the state. Moreover, the court systems also provide a mechanism and ways for settling disputes through various methods such as negotiation, mediation, and the court system. In countries that have both federal and state governments such as the United States, the court system comprises of both state and federal courts, tribunals and all administrative bodies (Langton, 2007). This paper attempts to differentiate various court systems as well as stating their roles...
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Crime prevention proposal

Question POLICY PROPOSAL PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS You have been elected mayor of the imaginary city of Pleasantville and are tasked with solving the crime problem. Design and present a policy proposal that will holistically address the issue. It is not essential that you come up with an original idea. As we will learn in this course, there are several practices and programs that have been found to work in preventing crime and delinquency. You are encouraged to replicate these programs (as long as you correctly describe their components, their theoretical rationale, and their evaluation outcomes). Individual Paper: Your paper must coincide with your assigned role as mayor, but the content of your paper may be broader. Your paper must answer the following questions: 1. What is the problem your policy suggestions aim to address? 2. Is there empirical evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of the crime preventions strategy you propose to implement? You may propose a fairly specific program (e.g. Drug Abuse Resistance Education), a closely related set of...
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The Role of Schools in Crime Prevention

Question In chapter 14 of your text, the role of schools in crime prevention is discussed. What are some of the theoretical views regarding the importance of schools in developing behavior? What are some of the educational factors that affect delinquency? From biblical worldview, what should our response be to the effect school and education has on delinquent behavior? https://learn.liberty.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-17049734-dt-content-rid-150776697_1/courses/CJUS323_D01_201720/Presentations/CJUS%20323%20LMS/Presentation%206%20%28LMS%29/res/index.html Sample paper The Role of Schools in Crime Prevention Crime prevention, especially at an early age, is the best method to reduce as well as deter perpetration and criminal behavior in a community. However, to successfully prevent crime, there is the need for the community or strategist to learn and understand the root cause and the sources of criminal behavior. As a result, the introduction of school-based programs that can help to teach the youths and school children on dangerous or factors that can lead them into crime can help to change their attitude and mentality towards criminal activities (Kupchik, 2010,). Research shows that most...
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Secondary Crime prevention

Question Chapter 10 of your text talks about predicting future offending. First, how does your text define secondary prevention? What are the common risk factors associated with offending/repeat offending? Given these risk factors, what are fruitful crime prevention approaches? Is there anywhere in the Bible where we read that certain types of behaviors/conditions of the heart (risk factors) lead to criminal behavior?  https://learn.liberty.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-17049730-dt-content-rid-150776683_1/courses/CJUS323_D01_201720/Presentations/CJUS%20323%20LMS/Presentation%205%20%28LMS%29/res/index.html Sample paper Crime prevention For decades, the police force has been given the responsibilities and duties to protect the people of a nation and minimize if not eliminate crimes in a region. It is worth noting that the duties and responsibilities of preventing unlawful and punishable activities by the state and other authorities should not be solely be left in the hands of the police force and other security agencies but rather should be a collective effort. Often, criminal activities are aimed at harming not only an individual but an entire community, society or a country. Therefore, there is the need for...
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The Future Of Crime Prevention-Article Review

Question This purpose of this project is twofold: 1. To help you become more familiar with searching for peer-reviewed academic journal articles in the library database. 2. To become more familiar with reviewing empirical (research-based) literature and the findings presented. For this assignment, search for a peer-reviewed journal article that assesses a crime prevention program or method. If there is a particular crime prevention method discussed in your text that interests you, you are encouraged to search for an article related to this topic. Sample paper Article Review In The Future Of Crime Prevention: Developmental And Situational Strategies, (Welsh, 2010) discusses how crime prevention strategies will change in future. The author has reviewed other crime prevention approaches and analyzed their effectiveness.  In most cases, crime prevention seeks to prevent crime in the first instance, before the criminal activity is committed. Crime prevention falls as the fourth pillar of crime prevention after institutions such as police, courts, and corrections. Although there are many crime prevention that have been...
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Crime prevention

Question Chapters 4–6 discuss various approaches and methods to crime prevention. First, define what is meant by primary prevention. Second, what are the 3 overarching crime prevention methods outlined in these chapters? Provide examples of these methods in action including their effectiveness or lack of effectiveness. Finally, is there a biblical precedence for any of these methods (use Scripture to support your points)? https://learn.liberty.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-17049718-dt-content-rid-150776655_1/courses/CJUS323_D01_201720/Presentations/CJUS%20323%20LMS/Presentation%202%20%28LMS%29/res/index.html Sample paper Crime prevention There is a reported increase in the number of crime in recent years in the society especially with the increase in technology. However, crime is always associated with violent neighborhood and drug abuse in the society. Primary crime prevention encompasses all the strategies and techniques created, developed and adopted in an attempt to fight and deter crime and criminal activities. Basically, primary crime prevention is often practiced by the government and other law agencies in the country through the application of force and laws as well as maintaining criminal justice. Therefore, criminologists are always on the front...
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