Nutrition in pregnant women
Condition: Maternal diabetes
Maternal diabetes is one of the common disorders that afflict women during the term of their pregnancy. Anthropometric measurements are indentified as crucial in ensuring the healthy growth of the fetus. These measurements enable physicians to assess the nutritional status of women at various stages of their pregnancy. Anthropometric measurements are not only useful in promoting women’s heath during pregnancy, but also prevent premature death of fetus and promote its health.
The following anthropometric measurements will be applicable in the case of a pregnant woman. The woman is 35 years old, of an African-American descent.
IBW for females = 100 pounds for 5 feet plus 5 pounds per inch above 5 feet.
Add 10% for large frame. Subtract 10% for small frame.
Percent of IBW = (Current weight/ideal weight) x 100.
The individual under the study was over 5 feet, with a height of 64”.
100 + (5 x 4) = 120
10% of 120 = 12
120 – 12 = 108 lb.
From the above calculations, it is possible to see that the ideal body weight for the individual is 108 lb. The individual, weighing 150 lb, was slightly overweight and would need to shed some weight.
Relevant biochemical tests
Gestational diabetes screening – gestational diabetes is usually linked to hypertensive disorders common during pregnancy. Screening may help identify the condition in pregnant women early enough before it presents dangers to the fetus. Regular exercise can help keep the condition in check and if severe, insulin injections may be given.
Clinical assessment – regular assessment is conducted to assess birth weight and other psychological conditions.
Dietary intake analysis – underweight women should take more lipids. For normal weight gain, a pregnant woman should consume a proper amount of iron and folates. . Vitamin supplements should be included in her diet.