Evaluative Criteria in Policy Making

Evaluative Criteria in Policy Making Policymaking is a complex process. Various alternatives confront policymakers during the policymaking process. The evaluation criteria ordinarily depend on the combination of various values and facts available for a specific policy. The policymakers may look at the qualities or principles that the community holds as intrinsically valuable while making policy decisions. For instance, policymakers may settle on a particular policy based on its fairness to all individuals. The evaluation criteria outline the specific values that a particular policy should fulfill. Policymakers may rely on single evaluative criteria or opt for more than one depending on the circumstances. This paper examines the applicability of different evaluative criteria including economic costs, efficiency, policy effectiveness, and equity. As earlier mentioned, policymakers may opt for a particular evaluative criteria depending on the context or circumstances surrounding the policy decision. As such, there is no ‘standard’ evaluation criterion to apply across all situations. Policymakers use a number of evaluative criteria to make...
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Public Policy

Public Policy Question 1 The policy commitments do make the quality of the analysis suspect. The quality of the policy making process vary remarkably. In one instance, the quality may be high while in another, the policy developers can overlook fundamental issues or processes. It is worth noting that analysis occurs in think tanks and interest groups pushing for the specific policy issues. The interest groups and think tanks may fail to conduct a thorough analysis of the issues in the proposed policies. Another critical issue to note is that the purpose and objectivity of policy development could be different from what people expect (Kraft & Furlong, 2015). It is not entirely impossible for the interest groups and think tanks to push or lobby for a particular public policy that promotes their interests or that of particular groups. It is important to be aware that during policy analysis and development, there could be certain inherent issues that are overlooked. For instance, the interest...
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Reflection Paper- The growth of US Government

Reflection Paper The concepts learnt from this week’s materials 1. The growth of US Government I have learned that the US government has grown to the level where it can influence the lives of all people. The government can enact laws and regulations that directly impacts on the lives of the citizens. Despite the growth in the government, citizens are still divided into two groups. One group supports most of the actions of the government while the other disagrees with most of the undertakings of the government. This division materialized in 2013 when there was a total shutdown of the government due to highly divergent views. There are various factors that have contributed to the growth of government. They include; physical expansion of the US as well as the growth of the population. 2. Federalism The government structure is based on this principle. This principle allows various units to share power. The citizens of United States are subjected to city laws, county laws, state...
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Reflection Paper

Reflection Paper Briefly identify the concepts that you learned from this week’s materials. This week I learned a number of key concepts from the textbook, lecture, video, presentations, and discussion boards. From the textbook, I learnt a lot about what constitutes public policy, why government is involved in policy development, how the government develops public policy, and the various contexts of public policy. I learnt that public policy refers to the actions (or lack of actions) by government officials towards particular problems affecting the citizens. A number of factors or contexts affect the development of public policy. These include social context, political context, economic context, cultural context, and governing context. The government may get involved in public policy development due to various reasons. Some of the key reasons identified include ethical reasons, to avert market failure, and for political reasons. The government effects public policy through a number of tools such as introducing market incentives, regulation, education, taxes, and through other...
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Case study for week 5 ORG512 Conflict Resolution

Case: Engaging in Supportive Confrontation What are the problems, and who owns them based on the window on behavior? The problem in this scenario is that Joe has realized a growing distance between him and Kim Kahn, the assistant manager for the Tools and Hardware. On several occasions, Joe has realized that the relationship between him and Kim is diminishing. According to him, Kim is pushing him away through his words and actions. He feels that Kim makes sarcastic and offensive comments during management meetings that are targeted towards him. In this case, Joe owns the problem since he is the one bothered by Kim’s actions and comments. He is upset that he has to keep working with Kim while enduring his behavior. This is a brewing conflict that should be solved as soon as possible. Joe and Kim are workmates and therefore it is important to resolve the conflict before it gets out of control. Failure to find a solution will...
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Interest Groups

Question 7 An interest group is made up of members of an organization who share common concerns and aims at influencing the government to follow policies that address those concerns. The three main interest groups include sectoral groups, promotional groups and institutional groups. All these groups are different in relation to their members and their concerns. Just like the name suggests, sectoral groups represent a particular sector within the economy. Examples of such groups include corporations and unions. The sectoral groups are mostly aimed at achieving economic goals with each sector fighting for policies that affect them personally such as lowering taxes in the case of corporations On the other hand, promotional groups are identified for their strong representation of particular ideologies. Quite often, the members of this group do not seek to directly profit from the changes in policies that they advocate for. Examples of these groups include the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) that advocated for environmental issues and the...
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Political Science Assessment

There are four characteristic attitudes and behaviors of political culture within democratic societies. Explain each of the four characteristics. How does the U.S. measure up to these four key characteristics? Tolerance- the concept of tolerance is very essential for the success of a democratic political system. Tolerance means the legitimacy or acceptance of people of different religion race, ethnicity or those different political and social standing. Political tolerance studies have proved that there is a relationship between political intolerance and threats. Thus, in order to maintain peace, democratic societies are guided by tolerance as an important virtue. The United States has people of different social, political, economic and religion perspective. The United States is one country where tolerance is highly practiced (Arwine, & Mayer, 2012). Active participation- this allows citizens to do much more than just listen. Active participation allows private citizens to support or influence politics. Citizens can take part in electoral processes, speak out, associate, vie for office...
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Political Science-questions

  Political Science Question 1 The creation of modern nation-state territories that help to identify and group people based on their cultural identities such as language or religion follows a particular process and procedure that must be observed and respected. However, there are certain conditions and constraints that must be fulfilled before the creation of states policies and include: Establishing clearly defined borders between states - before the formulation of any state policies, there is the need to identify and agree upon the political borders and territories that make up a state or a nation. Each government in each state should have sovereignty - each government in each state should have the right, power, and authority to do whatever it wants within its territory which means that the government should be highest ranking political and law institution that should govern a state (Rudman, 2015,). Governments should be the only institutions that have the legitimate power to use force or violence –...
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Liberalism, conservatism, socialism, fascism

Liberalism, conservatism, socialism, fascism The art of forming a government and selecting a representative to have the power and authority to govern their regions of administration started way back in the 15th and 16th century. Since those ancient days, politics has become the order of the day controlling important aspects of today’s life. Politics controls the decision-making process of every aspect of the community welfare and well being considering that most people in the society have different opinions and ideologies of what the society needs to flourish. Thus, for the members of the society have to agree on a common ground where all party’s welfare is put into considering and is process is accomplished through politics. Notably, politics can also influence the choice of a vision of the society or an individual over others (Landa, 2010). However, there are four different but important ideologies of politics that include liberalism, conservatism, fascism, and socialism. This assignment will attempt to identify and determine...
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The Battle of Seattle

The Battle of Seattle The Battle of Seattle refers to street protests organized by social movements in Seattle in 1999 to champion for an anti-globalization course (Barnett, 2011). Various social movements organized the protests to coincide with the World Health Organization biennial Ministerial Conference held in Seattle. Nonetheless, not all of the social movements participating in the protests were rallying for anti-globalization – some were against the capitalist system. Some of the protest groups employed disruption and engaged the police in street fights, a deviation from the peace protests planned by Public Citizen social movement and led by Mike Dolan (Barnett, 2011). The government reacted by declaring a curfew and outlawing the protests. The social movement contains elements of formal organization. One of the elements is clear policies and objectives (Ferrante-Wallace, 2005). The activities of the organization follow the outlined policies and aim to accomplish the set objectives. From the case study, the policy for Public Citizen Organization was to engage...
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