Differences between orientalism and Islamophobia

Question Drawing from the readings/lectures what are the similarities and differences between Orientalism and Islamophobia? Describe in detail Khaled Abou El Fadl's approach to problematic prophetic traditions. Compare and Contrast Abou El Fadl and Asma Barlas' approach to alternative, gender positive interpretations of Islamic Drawing from Amina Wadud's work, how does she explain Quranic masculinity and femininity? And based on her argument about the importance of interpretation, argue for or against the claim that more Muslim women scholars/interpreters of the Qur'an will lead to greater gender equality in Muslim countries. Answer Differences between orientalism and Islamophobia Recent activities both by the westerners and people from the Middle East and the eastern part of the world who are largely Muslim has shown the cracks in their relationship that can be traced back to the colonial days. The western countries have continually branded people of the Middle East as terrorists, not because they have proof that they but mainly because of their strong and devoted stand concerning their faith...
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Between Orientalism and Fundamentalism: Women in Islam

Between Orientalism and Fundamentalism: Women in Islam The article titled “Between orientalism and fundamentalism:….” provides critical insights into Muslim women feminism. The article asserts that Muslim feminists and activists encounter difficulties due to hardline views from Western society that regards them as oppressed, backward, and in need of liberation (Zine, 2006). A key point to note is that since September 11 attacks, the Muslim community has been on the spotlight as autocratic and lacking the ascriptions of modern states. The major points of contention revolve around divergent political, religious, social, and economic ideologies between Muslims and the Western society. The article highlights interesting points to note concerning the United States’ war on terror, and the Muslim jihad pitting the “infidel” Western world. Both wars are motivated partially by deep religious ideologies – the West justifies its incursions on the need for justice, while to the Muslims is a war against the “infidels”, or those who do not acknowledge Allah. The article by...
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Women in Islam

Women in Islam Introduction Hoodfar Homa draws upon her personal experiences, historical concepts and research data to provide individuals with a deeper insight into contentious issues regarding Muslim women and culture. The Muslim way of living has been a subject of debate in Western societies and Europe for decades. Contentious issues surround wearing of the veil among Muslim women, and the pertinent discussion about the "liberation" of women in Islamic states. Homa's article attempts to demystify the contentious issues surrounding the veiling of women in Iran and the Western views on the same, arguing that veiling is a celebration of Islamic culture as opposed to the oppression of women. As such, the Western view on veiling as oppressive to women is simply a reflection of pro-colonial thinking. This paper is a critical review of the article by Hoodfar Homa on issues relating to veiling and the western views on the same. The author raises various issues regarding veiling of women in Islamic states...
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Ethical Principles       

    Ethical Principles Christians in every corner of the world are known to use biblical exegesis, rational analysis and argument to justify their actions and way of doing things. Theologians use texts from the Old Testament and the New Testament to guide them in all their doings.  Theology in most cases deals with faith, practice, and experience. Moreover, these beliefs involve the study of God and Gods relation to the world. On the other hand, ethical principles, they are principles in human life that provide and promote important values and aspect of human life such as trust, good behavior, fairness, and kindness when followed to the letter. However, unlike the theological beliefs, there is no one consistent and best ethical principle to be followed by all individuals and it is widely influenced by the prevailing circumstances (Webster, 2013). They are not easily enforceable, and it all goes down to individual’s conscious of ensuring that he or she observes ethical standards. This paper seeks...
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Income Inequality -critical thinking

Income Inequality Footer notes Slide 2 Income inequality is a major concern globally. Income inequality is a measure of income distribution among a population. The measure assesses the gap between the rich and the poor by examining the income distribution among a population. In the last three decades, income inequality has grown remarkably in the United States. This means that the rich are becoming richer while the poor remain worse off.  Widening income gaps reflect diminishing income opportunities and mobility among the population. This is an indication that certain segments of the population are disadvantaged. High levels of income inequality in the economy may have severe consequences on the growth and development of the economy. Policymakers should implement income redistribution measures to ensure that the gap between the rich and the poor closes. Slide 3 High levels of income inequality may lead to large social costs. Large income inequalities in the population can affect the ability of the individuals to access education opportunities and consequently...
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Game plan

Question As you journey through this unit, and are honing in on your critical thinking skills, you might have recognized the information regarding the Game Plan. To help in your critical thinking process, the Game Plan, located on pages 38-42 in your textbook, consisting of 10 strategies, was created to help assist you in making critical decisions. One of the 10, Keep an Intellectual Journal, will be the main focus of this assignment, however, other strategies will be included. Throughout the week you are to keep a journal. Within this journal, list at least three situations that have occurred during the week that are emotionally significant to you (meaning things you deeply care about). From your list, accomplish the following, while keeping each situation separate from the rest: Describe each situation and explain why each was important to you. Describe how you behaved, with precise details, in each situation. Formulate at least two questions that ask what was going on during the situation, and explain your answer to each...
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Patterns of Irrational Decision Making

  Patterns of Irrational Decision Making Irrational decision-making affects individuals from time to time. Most often, individuals are unaware of the irrational decisions they make. As such, most of the irrational decisions stem from individuals’ subconscious thoughts, which then become actions. Irrational decisions pertain those decisions that individuals make that either harm the well-being of others or themselves. According to Paul & Elder (2013), there are four common patterns of irrational decision-making. These include: (i) when individuals behave in ways that undermine other people’s welfare, (ii) behaving in ways that undermine our own welfare, (iii) withdrawing from activities that may improve an individual’s long-term welfare, (iv) deciding to involve with individuals who influence one to act in a way that undermines their own welfare or that of others. An example of an occasion where I acted in accordance to one or more of the patterns of irrational decision-making is during my friend’s birthday party. After spending time indoors the whole day, we...
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Critical Thinking

  Question 1 Characteristics of the low performing student- demonstrate clear reasoning and problem solving but only inconsistently. Often resort to simple memorization of course material Characteristics of a mixed quality student- consistently demonstrate clear reasoning and problem solving but sometimes lack insight. Shows a commitment to critical thinking Characteristics of a high performing student-raise important questions and uses language to reveal significant insight Characteristics of exemplary student- raises important questions and uses language to reveal significant insight Assumption of science – there are laws at work in the physical world that can be understood through systematic experiments and observation Point of view of history- looking at the past as something that can be understood through study and interpretation from many perspectives Purpose of business- achieving maximum benefits at the minimum expenditure Inferences of psychology- judgment about the function or the dysfunction of human behavior Purpose of philosophy – living a reflective life Information of sociology- data about human groups including...
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Plato: The Cave

Plato: The Cave Question 7 Inference refers to the act of drawing a conclusion or coming up with a logical judgment about something, based on prior conclusions that might be true or not (Paul & Elder, 2002). Inferences are either justifiable or unjustifiable. On the other hand, assumptions refer to things that individuals presuppose or take for granted. In other words, assumptions are the unquestioned beliefs that people accept as true (Paul & Elder, 2002). One assumption I hold is that students who score highly in composition are good writers. The inference relating to this is that I am a good writer since I scored high marks. I also hold the assumption that those who watch news by international media outlets are more informed about world global politics. Since my father watches news by international media, he is more informed about global politics. The latter is the inference. Question 8 Clarity: this standard applies when a statement is not clear. It arises in situations...
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Refugees and Risk of Mental Illness & Suicide Rates

Refugees and Risk of Mental Illness & Suicide Rates

Refugees and Risk of Mental Illness & Suicide Rates Nature of the issue There is need to address refugees in Australia. Mental illnesses encompass a range of mental health conditions. Some of the major mental health disorders which afflict refugees include dementia, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and among other psychotic disorders. If these disorders are not checked, they may increase suicides rates among the population. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) (2011), an average of 2,000 Australians commits suicide every year. Among the high risks groups include those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. This means that based on the data collected over the past years, refugees are at a higher risk of committing suicide. Even though mental illness & suicide rates can affect the entire population, cultural influences have a perverse and profound impact on the outcomes of mental illnesses such as anxiety disorders and mood disorders. A significant number of refugees suffering from mental illness lack...
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