Chapters 4–6 discuss various approaches and methods to crime prevention. First, define what is meant by primary prevention. Second, what are the 3 overarching crime prevention methods outlined in these chapters? Provide examples of these methods in action including their effectiveness or lack of effectiveness. Finally, is there a biblical precedence for any of these methods (use Scripture to support your points)?
There is a reported increase in the number of crime in recent years in the society especially with the increase in technology. However, crime is always associated with violent neighborhood and drug abuse in the society. Primary crime prevention encompasses all the strategies and techniques created, developed and adopted in an attempt to fight and deter crime and criminal activities. Basically, primary crime prevention is often practiced by the government and other law agencies in the country through the application of force and laws as well as maintaining criminal justice. Therefore, criminologists are always on the front line to determine what contributes to the rise in criminal behavior as well as to analyze techniques and methods that can be applied to reduce the level of crime in a country effectively (Ayhan, 2016). Given the importance of security in a country, this assignment will attempt to identify and explain different ways security agencies can deter and reduce crime in a country.
The government can use different strategies to curb the spread of crime in a country without the use of force such as the use of environmental design to reduce if not completely eliminate crime. Crime prevention through environmental design integrates different approaches and disciplines to reduce crime through altering and modification of the physical environment to make sure that all factors that can trigger criminal behaviors are completely eradicated. This design relies on the ability to influence offender decisions, attitude and mentality that preceded crime. It is worth noting that crime prevention through environmental design can only work effectively in a built environment such as in urban areas. For example, the use of CCTV cameras and community lighting has significantly reduced the number of crime in the society. However, CCTV cameras may not be in a position to identify masked thieves and robbers.
Secondly, the government and security agencies can also use neighborhood crime prevention strategy to deter criminal activities in the societies. Neighborhood crime prevention widely known as neighborhood watch brings residents of an area together as a means of improving the security of an area through enhancing the knowledge of one another and their ability to recognize who does and who does not belong in the area. Any member of the community is open to joining these programs that seek to encourage the members of the community such as the youths to avoid and stay away from drugs which are the main contributor to the rising cases of crime in the society through the creation of community anti-drugs programs (Ayhan, 2016). This program may effectively curb the use of drugs and violence but may be unable to reduce the levels f other crime in the society such as theft and robbery.
The other strategy that can work miracles in the society is crime displacement. This strategy involves the relocation of crime or criminals from one area to another due to police crime prevention efforts such as taking the crime suspects to prisons and remand. For decades, crime displacement has been associated to problem-oriented policing but may also occur at other levels in the society. Taking criminals to prison may have both negative and positive effects given that prisoners are rational and can make informed and free-will decisions to engage in criminal activities or not.
The Bible encourages the youths and the general public to listen to their mentors and their seniors to heed to their advice and instructions and act upon the advice given for them to lead a healthy and comfortable life. Proverbs 15:5 states that “a fool rejects his father’s discipline instruction, but whoever heeds reproof is prudent.
(2017). Retrieved 1 April 2017, from https://learn.liberty.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-17049718-dt-content-rid-150776655_1/courses/CJUS323_D01_201720/Presentations/CJUS%20323%20LMS/Presentation%202%20%28LMS%29/res/index.html
Ayhan, U. (2016). Crime Prevention Techniques and Crime Prevention in Turkey. Inquiry, 2(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/isjss.v2i1.60