Select and describe an important problem faced by society today (e.g., income inequality, gun violence, online privacy).
Once you have selected your problem, be prepared to address the following in your presentation:
- Provide your own analysis by asking—and answering—a relevant question from at least three domains of
thinking. Examples of these can be found on pages 139-140 of your textbook.
- In your answers to the above questions, apply at least three intellectual standards, and explain why the standards
are important in this context (e.g., the elements of thought or reasoning that led you to this thinking). The eight
elements can be found beginning on page 62 of your textbook.
- Explain why each question you have selected is either a question of fact, preference, or judgment. This
information can be located on pages 126-127 of your textbook.
- Finally, in one paragraph, reflect on your analysis of the problem that you selected, and describe how your
consideration of this problem demonstrates deep learning. This information can be located on pages 144-145 of
To accomplish this, you must compose a 12 slide PowerPoint presentation that meets the guidelines below. Your
PowerPoint slides should be arranged in the following manner:
Slide 1: Title slide
Slide 2: Include the problem selected, and describe the problem.
Slides 3-6: Provide your own analysis by asking—and answering—a relevant question from at least three domains of
Slides 7-9: Include your three intellectual standards, and explain why the standards are important in this context.
Slides 10-11: Explain why each question is a question of fact, preference, or judgment.
Slide 12: Conclusion slide will contain one paragraph that reflects on your analysis and describes your consideration and
Gun violence is one of the most contentious issues currently facing the U.S. In the recent period, cases of gun violence have been rampant in the U.S., leading to multiple injuries and deaths. The ruling authority is yet to heed to calls for tougher regulations on gun ownership and the right to bear arms. Debate rages on about the best policy to stem gun violence in the U.S., with one faction calling for tougher gun rules while another faction feels limiting public access to guns may not be the ultimate solution. According to Simon & Sanchez (2015), the U.S. contains more guns per persons than any other state in the world. Statistics indicate that there are about 270 million guns among civilians in the U.S. The high number of guns is associated with the rampant cases of gun violence in the U.S.
The political arena can help reduce incidences of gun violence in the U.S. through formulation of appropriate legislation to limit ease of civilian access to guns. There is need enact proper legislation that ensures prohibition of guns among the high-risk individuals such as those who have had mental health issues. There should be enactment of legislation that ensures all those who purchase guns are properly licensed, or risk fines or jail term. Legislation should also cover gun sellers to reduce incidences where they issue guns to criminals or persons with poor background checks. Some political factions have called for enactment of strict gun control rules or a total ban on gun licensing. However, others argue that this might not the solution to gun violence in the U.S.
Certain psychological conditions may incline individuals to use a gun on self or on others. Some mental illness, for instance, can contribute to gun violence. Those suffering from mental health should receive assistance to access treatment to reduce the risk of violence. Desperation and suicidal thoughts are also some of the psychological factors that can predispose one to mental illness. Emotional instability is also a risk factor to gun violence. Research indicates that emotionally unstable children are more likely to cause gun violence during adulthood. Some of the shooting incidents in the U.S. represent acts committed by mentally ill loners. In fact, psychiatric diagnosis has been used in the past as a predictor of gun crime (Metzl & MacLeish, 2015). Of late, racial prejudice has also become a motivating factor for racial prejudice.
A number of social factors predispose individuals to gun violence. A recent survey indicates that disintegration of family values and reduced role of parents in their children’s growth process is the leading cause of gun violence among the youth. Parents are supposed to nurture their children by showing them love and correcting their mistakes when they go wrong. The influence of pop culture is also a significant contributor to gun violence in the U.S. This includes violent video games and movies. Gang membership is common in the U.S. It also contributes to gun violence in the U.S. Lastly, use of drugs is also a common cause of gun violence in the U.S. Statistics indicate that gun offenders are more likely to be high on drugs and other substances. Commonly abused drugs are cocaine, marijuana, heroin, and prescription drugs.
This intellectual standard was applied in answering the questions. Point of view represents the angle or focus that one takes when answering the question. Point of view influenced the way that I looked at the question. This standard helps one to identify the relevant viewpoints and include them in the discussion. The standard enables one to identify multiple ways of looking at a particular problem. In line with this, it helps one to weigh the viewpoint of others, or to draw comparisons between one’s thinking and that of others. Point of view helps one to identify the most sensible argument in any particular situation. This is because most situations or problems have different possible solutions. Point of view also enables an individual to conduct a self-examination on whether he or she is experiencing problems accepting a particular situation or solution to a problem.
This standard was also relevant in this context. Information relates to the facts, experiences, evidence, or data that one applies in a particular situation in order to come up with a solution. The information used should relate to the question or particular issue under concern. This standard is important since it enables one to establish the type of information required to answer a particular question. It helps individuals outline the type of data that relates to the question under consideration. With regard to data, the standard enables one to identify the extent of data gathering. In some circumstances, one may be required to find additional data to support his or her arguments. The standard is also important since it enables one to assess the accuracy of data or information used in solving a particular problem. Lastly, it helps to assess whether all relevant information was included.
Questions describe the problem and guide thinking. This standard helps one to identify clearly the questions that involve the particular problem. The standard enables an individual to examine all relevant questions relating to a particular issue. This standard also helps one to analyze various aspects of a question such as clarity and complexity. The standard also helps in phrasing the questions in the best way possible so that the reader can understand clearly the problem at hand. The standard also helps in determining the type of question, for instance, the question may be psychological, ethical, historical, economical, or from other different perspectives. Lastly, the standard enables the readers to gauge the extent to what they have to go in order to answer the question. This is particularly important in helping provide logical answers to the questions.
This is a question of judgment. Questions of judgment typically require readers to engage in reasoning. These questions may have different arguable answers, or different perspectives. Questions of judgment are debatable (Ahuna & Tinnesz, 2003). As such, the answer to these questions makes sense depending on the arguments made. If arguments are poorly reasoned or not well supported, they may be disregarded in a debate. However if they are well-supported and argued, they may be adopted as correct and relevant to the situation. In giving answers to the question above, reasoned judgment is required. The answers are debatable and depend on arguments supporting them. The relevance of the answers can be evaluated using the intellectual standards such as logic, clarity, depth, and others.
This is a question of fact. Questions of fact require the use of a procedure in finding the correct answers. These type of questions require information that is factual in nature in order to determining the answer. They are common in areas such as mathematics, biological sciences, and physical sciences (Ahuna & Tinnesz, 2003). Questions of fact require data that proves the accuracy of the statements put forward as either true or untrue. In order to come up with logical conclusions, there is need to develop solid evidence about proposed statements. This requires assessing the quality of information at hand in order to enhance accuracy and validity. An individual can analyze the particular sources of information in order to establish if the source is biased or objective. In examining the psychological factors that indicate an individual may likely use a gun, the researcher may use a variety of scientifically proven methods to find evidence or data about the issue. The researcher needs accurate data relating to past individuals who have developed psychological conditions and examine their crime history. This is a question of fact. Questions of fact require the use of a procedure in finding the correct answers. These type of questions require information that is factual in nature in order to determining the answer. They are common in areas such as mathematics, biological sciences, and physical sciences. Questions of fact require data that proves the accuracy of the statements put forward as either true or untrue. In order to come up with logical conclusions, there is need to develop solid evidence about proposed statements. This requires assessing the quality of information at hand in order to enhance accuracy and validity. An individual can analyze the particular sources of information in order to establish if the source is biased or objective. In examining the psychological factors that indicate an individual may likely use a gun, the researcher may use a variety of scientifically proven methods to find evidence or data about the issue. The researcher needs accurate data relating to past individuals who have developed psychological conditions and examine their crime history.
This is also a question of fact. Question of fact require the use of a procedure or method in determining the correct answer. The above is a question of fact because a researcher must conduct investigations in order to establish those risk factors that predispose individuals to gun violence. Detailed research is required in order to list the risk factors in terms of their magnitude. For instance, the researcher may be interested in determining the high risk factors and the low risk sociological factors that predispose individuals to engage in gun violence (Ahuna & Tinnesz, 2003).
To conclude, gun violence has become rampant in the United States, contributing to injuries and deaths of innocent people. Recent cases of gun attacks have elicited mixed reactions from civilians – some feel there is need to put tough regulations on gun control, while others feel this may not reduce or eliminate gun violence. The consideration of this problem demonstrates deep learning by enabling one expand knowledge on thinking and intellectual standards. The consideration of the problem enables an individual to develop new perspectives of tackling an issue or situation at hand.