Psychotherapy and Therapeutic Treatment Timeline

Question

Psychotherapy and Therapeutic Treatment Timeline

Resource: Timeline Builder or another program of your choice to create a timeline.
Select 5 to 8 influential historical and world events concerning psychotherapy and therapeutic treatment.
Use Timeline Builder to create a timeline detailing the events you selected.
Include the following in your timeline:
Date of the event
Description of the event
How the event relates to the history of psychotherapy and therapeutic techniques
Prevalent psychotherapy theories and concepts related to the event
Theorists associated with the event, if any

Sample paper

Psychotherapy and Therapeutic Treatment Timeline

1879:  First laboratory clinic 

A German doctor and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt established the first experimental laboratory in the world.  It was established at the University of Leipzig in Germany (Cherry, 2016). He established psychology as an independent academic discipline. Wundt believed that he could quantify consciousness. He believed that it was possible to measure judgment in terms of intensity, duration and size of stimuli. Some of his famous students include G. Stanley Hall and James McKeen Cattell.

1883: First American psychology laboratory.

This laboratory was founded at the Johns Hopkins University by G. Stanley Hall, Wilhelm Wundt’s former student.

1886: The first doctorate in psychology

  1. Stanley Hall’s student Joseph Jastrow was awarded the first ever doctorate in psychology from the Johns Hopkins University. Jastrow became a psychology professor at the University of Wisconsin. In 1900, he was appointed as the president of the America psychological association.

1888: First professor of psychology

James McKeen Cattell became the first professor in psychology. It was the first instance that such a title was awarded in the United States. A former student of Wilhelm Wundt, Cattell served at the University of Pennsylvania as the professor of psychology.

1892: The foundation of APA

The American Psychological Association was founded. It initially had 31 members and the membership grew after World War II. The first president of APA was G. Stanley Hall. APA has since grown to become the largest professional and scientific organization in the United States that is an epitome of psychology. The organization has more than 122,500 educators, clinicians, researchers, consultants and students as members. Currently, there are 54 divisions in the different fields of psychology. APA has played a major role in pushing its strategic goals that aim at ensuring that psychology is recognized as a science and making sure that its role in advancing health is expanded. (Learner.org, 2016).

1896

  • Functionalism- it is an early psychology school that is primarily concerned with the functions and acts of the mind rather than the internal contents of the mind. Functionalism was prominent among some popular American advocates, John Dewy and William James who published the article ‘The Reflex Arc Conception Psychology’
  • Psychoanalysis– it was founded by Sigmund Freud. In his psychoanalytic approach, Freud believed that there are powerful and unconscious conflicts and drives that motivate people. His approach led to the development of an influential therapy that used dream analysis and free association.
  • Structuralism- this was founded by Edward B. Titchener who published an Outline of Psychology. This approach asserts that people’s mental experience is simply a combination of events and elements. This contrasted the functionalism approach in that it is primarily focused on the contents of the mind.
  • First psychology clinic

Lightner Witmer opened the first psychological clinic in the world. He shifted from experimental work to put his findings into practice (Learner.org, 2016).

1904: First woman president of the APA

This was a major milestone that got Mary Calkins elected as the organization’s president. Calkins, who had previously been denied a Ph. D at Harvard University because she was a woman, was a researcher and professor at Wellesley College.

1905:  IQ tests developed.

Theodore Simon and Alfred Binet used standardized tests to advance a scale that could quantity general intelligence grounded on mental age.  This work was later refined by researchers who came up with the intelligence quotient (IQ) concept. This was a ratio between mental age and physical age. The efficiency and accuracy of such tests has been challenged since the beginning.

References

Learner.org,. (2016). The History of Psychology. Learner.org. Retrieved 4 December 2016, from http://www.learner.org/series/discoveringpsychology/history/history_nonflash.html

Cherry, K. (2016). Who Founded the First Psychology Lab?. Verywell. Retrieved 4 December 2016, from https://www.verywell.com/who-founded-the-first-psychology-lab-2795250

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