Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization

Question

Go to Bureau of Justice Statistics website. Find a topic that interests you and pull down the data for it.
Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper explaining the data and the results. Pay particular attention to the statistical significance as reported and what made the data significant with respect to objective 3.1. -Distinguish among methods of establishing correlation between variables. see attached

Answer

Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization

A high rate of rape crime and sexual assault victimization cases was reported between the periods of 1995 to 2013, having females between ages 18 to 24 as the prevalent victims. At this age, most of the victims are students at various institutions of higher learning including, college, university, trade schools vocational schools and some are non-students as well. The statistics indicate that the reported cases of rape and sexual assault from the student victims was 20%, and 32% for nonstudents within the age bracket of 18 to 24 (Sinozich & Langton, 2014). Therefore, to ascertain precisely the type of cases reported it is prudent to understand the exact description that rape and sexual assault is given used by the bureau of justice.

The bureau of justice and statistics defines rape as an unlawful penetration of a person in contrast to their will either forcefully or attempting to do such an act (Sinozich & Langton, 2014). Sexual intercourse means any penetration by the offender either anal, oral or vaginal. The penetration can be done by the use of a foreign object such as a bottle. It also combines victimization on both gender in the form of homosexual or heterosexual rape (Sinozich & Langton, 2014). An attempted rape also means any verbal threats of rape, from an offender to a victim. Sexual assault can be mistaken as an attempted rape however it is defined as a victimization distinct from attempted rape. The crime involves attacks or attempted an attack with a target to an undesired sexual interaction between an offender and a victim.

The rate of sexual assault among the female who were not registered in any post-secondary institution were 1.2 times high compared to female students. The rate indicates 7.6 per 1000 of nonstudents while a 6.1 per 1000 of the students of females in the same age group. The rate of completed rape cases on the victims within the same age group similarly show a higher rate for the nonstudents at 3.1 per 1000 it indicates a 1.5 times higher than students showing a 2.0 per 1000 (Sinozich & Langton, 2014). According to the statistics, the difference between the rate of female students and nonstudent who underwent attempted rape and other sexual assault was not very significant. The trend explains the difference in the completed rape cases as accounted for by the variations in general rates of the crime between nonstudents and students.

The victims’ location determined the rates of the rape cases reported between the nonstudents and students. A higher rate of rape cases 70% were reported to have happened at the individual’s residence or the residence to a person well known to them. Looking at the rate of cases that happened away from home to people familiar to the victims such as the relatives, friends or acquaintance the percentage is higher for students than the nonstudents. The students show a 29% compared to 17% for the nonstudents. Comparing these statistics to the rape cases that happened at victims’ homes most of the rape cases happened to the nonstudents while at their homes, at 50% while the students had 38%. It is also evident that most of the student rape cases happened 51% while they were away from home either involved in leisure activities or traveling to several places. More nonstudents experienced rape cases while sleeping 50% while 31% of the students who were likely to be sleeping or performing other activities were offended (Sinozich & Langton, 2014). Time is another factor that determines the possibility of rape cases with close to two-thirds of the 65% of students and 64% of the no students cases reported happened from 6 p.m. to 6 am.

The scope of rape crime and sexual assault cases on the victims were done by people they vividly know shows a high disparity between the students and nonstudents. The statistics indicate that about 80% of the college students recognized their offenders, 24% of these cases were committed by intimate partners such as the boyfriends (Sinozich & Langton, 2014). In some incidences of rape, there were cases involving weapons, 57% ended up with injuries for students and 63% for nonstudent. The students who got medical treatment after the incidence were four out of every ten cases, while 37% of the victimized nonstudents received treatment.

Conclusion

The prevalence of the rape crime and sexual assault cases between the duration of 1995 and 2013 in females between the age of 18 and 23 students and non-students depended on some predisposing factor. Most of the offenders of the rape cases were people well known to the victims, and it could be due to the trust that the victims may have had on them, but they use the opportunity to defile the victims. The location of the victim at the time of the crime determined the prevalence of the rape cases, and this also determined the number of cases of attempted rape which contributed to complete rape cases. Cases involving force ended with injuries for the victims.

Reference

Sinozich, S., & Langton, L. (2014). Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, 1995–2013. Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Crime strategy

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